Tower Bridge
Photo: Gang/Fotolia

The capital of England and the United Kingdom and one of the world's most visited cities, London has something for everyone, from a rich history stretching back to Roman times and grand architecture to world-class dining, entertainment, and grand old parks. London seamlessly combines 21st-century modernity with Old World charm and beauty. This is starkly evident in the juxtaposition of the imposing Houses of Parliament, the iconic ‘Big Ben' clock tower, and Westminster Abbey standing at the center of the city with the new-age London Eye observation wheel and the "Gherkin," a building that has become synonymous with London's skyline. Packed with world-renowned museums, art galleries, theaters, restaurants, luxury hotels, and more, London is one of the most exciting cities on earth.

»Big Ben

Big Ben

One of the world's most famous landmarks, iconic Big Ben has been synonymous with the City of London and the Houses of Parliament for centuries. Often mistaken for a tower at the northeastern end of the Houses of Parliament, it is actually the bell within the tower that is named Big Ben and whose strikes were heard for the first time on July 11th, 1859.

Resting in the Elizabeth Tower, renamed by the House of Commons in 2012 in honor of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee, Big Ben swings behind the clock face and has rarely stopped ringing the hours. Visited, viewed, and admired by millions of people from all over the world, this iconic landmark is not only magnificent to look at but has also played a vital role in the history of the city of London and of England itself.

Westminster, London SW1A 0AA, UK, Phone: +44-20-7219-4272 Photo: william87/Fotolia

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»Borough Market

Borough Market

Based in Southwark in Central London and one of the largest and oldest food markets in the city, Borough Market is a wholesale and retail food market that sells an array of gourmet foods, delicacies, fresh fruit and vegetables, and made-to-order fare. Established in 1014 as a fresh food market for the local people, Borough Market has been selling fresh produce, including bread, cheese, fish, meats, vegetables, ciders, coffees, cakes, and patisseries for over 1,000 years.

The market has more than 100 stalls, including stands that specialize in imported goods. The market is open from Monday through Saturday, with full market days on Wednesday to Saturday and a variety of fruit and vegetable stalls and hot food traders on Mondays and Tuesdays.

8 Southwark St, London SE1 1TL, UK, Phone: +44-20-7407-1002 Photo: Borough Market

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»British Museum

British Museum

Founded in 1753, the British Museum is home to a remarkable collection of treasures spanning more than two million years of human history and encompassing an array of world cultures. Centered around a magnificent Great Court, the museum's permanent collection features more than eight million objects, including extraordinary mummies from Egypt, ancient Greek sculptures from the Parthenon, and the world-renowned Rosetta Stone.

In addition to the impressive permanent collection, the British Museum also hosts special exhibitions, displays, and events designed to encourage a greater understanding of the collection and the cultures they represent. The British Museum is open daily from 10 am until 5:30 pm and is open late on Friday.

Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG, UK, Phone: +44-20-7323-8299 Photo: Claudio Divizia/Fotolia

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»Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the official London residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom and an iconic symbol for the people of London. Located in the City of Westminster and housing the Royal Family for more than 180 years, Buckingham Palace is also one of London's most popular tourist attractions, drawing millions of visitors every year to view the magnificent building and watch state occasions, royal hospitality, and other special events.

The palace has 775 rooms and houses the offices of the Queen, Prince Philip, the Duke of York, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, and the Princess Royal. The state rooms, which are used for official and state entertaining, are open to the public every year during August and September, and the palace's garden is the largest private garden in London.

London SW1A 1AA, UK, Phone: +44-303-123-7300 Photo: Dutourdumonde/Fotolia

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»Cutty Sark

Cutty Sark

Cutty Sark is a legendary 19th-century British clipper ship, the fastest ship of her time and the world's sole surviving tea clipper. Built on the Clyde River in 1869 for the Jock Willis Shipping Line, Cutty Sark was one of the last tea clipper ships to be built and is now on display in Greenwich as an award-winning visitor attraction.

After being damaged by fire, the ship was lovingly restored to its former glory, raised out of the water and ensconced in a modern visitors center. Here, guests can walk directly beneath the stern, which rests three meters above the ground, to see and touch the original hull planks and iron framework, which are nearly 150 years old. The Cutty Sark Museum is open daily and hosts an array of exciting events and programs throughout the year, featuring music, comedy, and drama.

King William Walk, London SE10 9HT, UK Photo: mkos 83/Fotolia

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»Globe Theatre

Globe Theatre

The Globe Theatre is a famous Elizabethan open-air theater in London that is associated with William Shakespeare and his works. Built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men, the theater was designed as a three-story, open-air amphitheater that could house up to 3,000 spectators.

The original theater was destroyed in a fire in 1613 and rebuilt a year later; a modern reconstruction, named "Shakespeare's Globe," was completed in 1997. Today, the oak-and-thatch replica of the original Elizabethan theater puts on open-air Shakespeare plays, offers guided tours of the building, and features an engaging and informative exhibition that explores the life of Shakespeare and the theater for which he wrote.

21 New Globe Walk, London SE1 9DT, UK, Phone: +44-20-7902-1400 Photo: Andrei Nekrassov/Fotolia

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»Hyde Park

Hyde Park

Hyde Park is one of London's eight Royal Parks and the largest in the city. The park is the greatest of four that form a chain of green urban spaces, including Kensington Gardens, Green Park, and St James' Park, and is home to several famous landmarks, including the Serpentine Lake, Speaker's Corner, and the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain.

Hyde Park covers 350 acres in the heart of London and attracts millions of Londoners and tourists every year to enjoy its beautifully landscaped grounds, peaceful lakes, and an array of recreational activities, including boating, cycling, horseback riding, and open water swimming.

The Old Police House, Hyde Park, London W2 2UH, UK, Phone: 0300-061-2000 Photo: Tim M/Fotolia

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»Kensington Palace

Kensington Palace

Kensington Palace is a royal residence overlooking the Round Pond in Kensington Gardens. Set in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, the palace has been a residence for the British Royal Family since the 17th century. The palace is currently the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, along with the Duke and Duchess of Kent, Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, and the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.

Today, several of the state rooms are open to the public, including the King's and Queen's State Apartments, which display many paintings and other objects from the Royal Collection, and the Royal Gardens. Kensington Palace also features various exhibitions as well as a shop and The Orangery Café.

Kensington Gardens, London W8 4PX, UK, Phone: +44-20-3166-6000 Photo: Leonid Andronov/Fotolia

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»St Paul's Cathedral

St Paul's Cathedral

With its magnificent dome framed by the spires of Wren's city churches, St Paul's Cathedral is one of the most iconic and recognizable sights of the London skyline. Designed in the English baroque style by acclaimed architect Christopher Wren and built in the late 17th century, St Paul's Cathedral sits on Ludgate Hill, overlooking the city.

The Anglican cathedral is the seat of the Bishop of London, the main church of the Diocese of London, and is dedicated to Paul the Apostle. Dominating the skyline for more than 300 years, the cathedral is the second largest church building after Liverpool Cathedral and claims a significant place in the national identity of the United Kingdom. St Paul's Cathedral is a working church with daily services, including state funerals, Jubilee celebrations, and peace services.

St. Paul's Churchyard, London EC4M 8AD, UK Photo: Vladislav Gajic/Fotolia

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»Tate Modern Gallery

Tate Modern Gallery

The Tate Modern is Britain's national gallery of international modern art. Located in the former Bankside Power Station in the Bankside area of Southwark, Tate Modern forms part of the Tate Group, which includes Tate Britain, Tate St Ives, Tate Liverpool and Tate Online.

One of the largest museums of contemporary and modern art in the world, Tate Modern is home to a national collection of British art dating back to the 1900s and features an array of both contemporary and international art. The gallery features a permanent collection, to which admission is free, as well as a variety of temporary exhibitions that change throughout the year.

Bankside, London SE1 9TG, UK, website, Phone: +44-20-7887-8888 Photo: Kitty Kat/Fotolia

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»Shoreditch Street Art Tours

Shoreditch Street Art Tours

Explore one of London's most vibrant and internationally significant areas on a guided tour with Shoreditch Street Art Tours. An important street art location since the early 2000s, Shoreditch is full of walls decorated by leading local street artists such as Banksy, Sweet Toof, Eine, Pure Evil, and D*Face, while other world-renowned artists have artworks scattered around the area, which is constantly evolving.

Shoreditch is home to a variety of street art galleries and studios, suppliers, street artists and graffiti writers, and other creative industries. Tours are led by a lauded photographer and chief commentator, who has a passion for the area and the city and shares his extensive knowledge about this energetic, dynamic, and fresh scene.

London E1 6AN, UK, website, Phone: +44-7834-088533 Photo: Shoreditch Street Art Tours

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»The Sea Life London Aquarium

The Sea Life London Aquarium

Located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames, the Sea Life London Aquarium takes visitors on an inspiring underwater journey into the depths of the ocean. Established in 1997, the aquarium is home to thousands of sea creatures, including rare green sea turtles and stingrays, and features a variety of exciting exhibits such as the "Shark Walk," the "Shark Reef Encounter," and the "Ocean Tunnel."

Thousands of visitors encounter the creatures of the deep in impressive displays at the aquarium every year, and it is also renowned as a leading center of excellence in conservation, education, preservation, and marine management.

County Hall, Riverside Building, Westminster Bridge Rd, Lambeth, London SE1 7PB, UK, Phone: +44-0871-663-1678 Photo: ani snimki/Fotolia

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»The London Eye

The London Eye

One of London's most famous tourist attractions and skyline icons, the London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel located in the South Bank district by the River Thames.

Also known as the Millennium Wheel or the Coca-Cola London Eye, the London Eye stands at 443 feet high with a diameter of 394 feet and offers the second highest public viewing point in London after the observation deck on the 72nd floor of the Shard. Located in the London Borough of Lambeth, the London Eye is set at the western end of the Jubilee Gardens between the Hungerford and Westminster Bridges and operates daily from 11 am.

Riverside Building, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7PB Photo:

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»London Zoo

London Zoo

The London Zoo (also known as Regent's Zoo) is the oldest scientific zoo in the world and home to a collection of more than 17,500 animals from 750 species. Originally established as a base for scientific study, the London Zoo was opened to the public in 1847 and has been delighting visitors with outstanding exhibits featuring animals in their natural habitats from all over the world.

Habitats at the London Zoo include Animal Adventure, the Clore Rainforest Lookout, Gorilla Kingdom, Blackburn Pavilion, Into Africa, Land of the Lions, and Tiger Territory. The London Zoo is also a leading institution for education, conservation, preservation, and animal welfare.

London NW1 4RY, UK, Phone: 0344-225-1826 Photo: kmiragaya/Fotolia

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»Mind the Gap Tours

Mind the Gap Tours

Mind the Gap Tours offers guided "off-the-beaten-track" tours for small groups in and around London. Designed for visitors to explore and discover the "real" London, Mind the Gap Tours range from gentle cycle trips on vintage bikes along the Thames to Hampton Court to venturing into some of London's oldest pubs on foot.

Tours take the "road less traveled" on London's traffic-free routes and delve into the hidden and lesser known parts of London, including the Bike Windsor, Bike Hampton, Kayak Windsor, and Drink London tours. Bike tours cover up to 8 miles on flat, traffic-free routes, while walking tours cover between 3 and 4 miles. Kayak tours involve gentle paddling on tranquil waters along approximately a mile's stretch of river.

Lambeth, London SE1 7LT, UK, Phone: +44-7768-310005 Photo: Mind the Gap Tours

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»National Gallery

National Gallery

The National Gallery is a world-renowned art museum in Trafalgar Square in the heart of London. Established in 1824, the National Gallery is housed in a building designed by William Wilkins and is the only façade on Trafalgar Square to have remained unchanged throughout history. The National Gallery is home to a collection of over 2,300 artworks in the western European tradition dating back to between the mid-13th and 19th centuries.

It is open to the public all year round and is free of charge. The National Gallery is one of the most visited galleries in the world, after the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Louvre in Paris.

Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN, UK, Phone: +44-020-7747-2885 Photo: flik 47/Fotolia

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»Natural History Museum

Natural History Museum

The Natural History Museum is dedicated to showcasing the natural history of the world through a variety of world-class exhibits and displays that feature a vast range of specimens from various segments of history. One of three museums on Exhibition Road, including the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Science Museum, the Natural History Museum is home to around 80 million earth and life science specimens from the genres of botany, mineralogy, entomology, paleontology, and zoology.

The Natural History Museum is also a leading research institution and a world-renowned center for taxonomy and has a vast library containing thousands of books, manuscripts, journals, and artwork collections linked to the investigation and work of the various scientific departments within the gallery.

Cromwell Road London SW7 5BD, Phone: +44-020-7942-5000 Photo: anders photo/Fotolia

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»Palace of Westminster

Palace of Westminster

The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, is where the two Houses of the Parliament, namely the House of Commons and the House of Lords, meet to conduct their business. Situated on the north bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster borough, the Palace of Westminster originally served as a royal residence until the 16th century and is a beautiful example of Gothic Revival architecture.

The palace houses over 1,000 rooms, including the chambers of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as libraries, committee rooms, lobbies, dining rooms, and bars, and one of the palace's most famous features is the clock tower, which houses the famous Big Ben bell.

Westminster, London SW1A 0AA, UK, Phone: +44-20-7219-3000 Photo: dbrnjhrj/Fotolia

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»The Shard

The Shard

The Shard is a 95-story skyscraper in Southwark and one of London's modern icons. Also known as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge, and formerly London Bridge Tower, The Shard reaches over 1,000 feet high and is the tallest building in the United Kingdom.

Designed by acclaimed architect Renzo Piano to replace the Southwark Towers, the glass-clad pyramidal tower features 72 habitable floors, with an open-air observation deck and viewing gallery on the 72nd floor at a height of 802 feet, which is open to the public. The View from The Shard, as it is known, is a premium visitor attraction that boasts breathtaking panoramic views of the city stretching for up to 40 miles.

32 London Bridge St, London SE1 9SG, UK Photo: davis/Fotolia

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»Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is one of London's most famous attractions and an iconic symbol of the city. Built between 1886 and 1894, Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge that crosses the Thames River and is situated close to the Tower of London.

The bridge features two towers, which house the Victorian engine rooms and form part of the Tower Bridge Exhibition. The towers are connected by two horizontal walkways that are open to pedestrians and boast beautiful views over the river and city. Tower Bridge was painted white, red and blue for the Queen's Silver Jubilee in 1977.

Tower Bridge Rd, London SE1 2UP, UK, website Photo: Gang/Fotolia

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»Tower of London

Tower of London

Officially known as Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, the Tower of London is a historic castle set on the north bank of the River Thames. Built by William the Conqueror in 1078 during the Norman conquest of England, the castle was used as a royal residence in its early history but was later used as a prison in the 16th and 17th centuries, when many historical figures fell into disgrace, including Elizabeth I before she became queen.

Surrounded by a moat, the Tower is a complex of several buildings located between two concentric rings of defensive walls. Today, the Tower of London is one of the UK's most popular tourist attractions and is protected as a World Heritage Site.

St Katharine's & Wapping, London EC3N 4AB, UK, Phone: +44-844-482-7777 Photo: Horvath Botond/Fotolia

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»Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square is a famous public square in central London that commemorates the British victory in the Battle of Trafalgar during the Napoleonic Wars. The square has been significant landmark since the 13th century, initially containing the King's Mews before they were moved to Buckingham Palace, and has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations over the centuries.

Today, the square is a must-see destination for visitors to London and has the 169-foot Nelson's Column at its center, guarded by four iconic statues of lions. The Fourth Plinth hosts an array of contemporary art, and at Christmas time, the square is home to the largest Christmas tree in London. Trafalgar Square is also home to thousands of pigeons.

Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN, UK, Phone: +44-20-7983-4750 Photo: anders photo/Fotolia

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»Victoria and Albert Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum is the world's leading museum of decorative arts and design. Founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the museum houses a vast permanent collection of more than 2.3 million objects spanning over five centuries of human creativity.

The museum is home to many of the UK's national collections of art and design and features some of the world's greatest resources for the study of art, architecture, Asian Art, design, decorative arts, textiles, fashion, photography, and more. The Victoria and Albert Museum is open daily from 10 am to 5:45 pm and until late on Fridays. Admission is free.

Cromwell Rd, Knightsbridge, London SW7 2RL, UK, website, Phone: +44-020-7942-2000 Photo: Tony Baggett/Fotolia

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»Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey

Formerly known as the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, Westminster Abbey is a large Gothic church in the City of Westminster in central London and one of the United Kingdom's most notable religious buildings.

Built in 1245, the church has been used as the traditional place for royal coronations, royal weddings, and burials for more than 700 years and is an iconic symbol of London. Westminster Abbey is open to visitors from Monday to Saturday throughout the year while on Sundays and religious holidays such as Easter and Christmas the abbey is open only for worship, to which all are welcome.

20 Deans Yard, Westminster, London SW1P 3PA, UK, website Photo: grzegorz pakula/Fotolia

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»Alternative London

Alternative London

Alternative London offers award-winning off-the-beaten-track tours around East London that delve into the heart of this vibrant region to explore the past and present of what is known as the capital's cultural and creative hub. East London's specialists and innovators of the pay-what-you-want tour, Alternative London offers tours led by knowledgeable locals with a love and passion for East London, who showcase London from a local's perspective.

Tours explore London's incredible graffiti and street art scene as well as famous pubs, beautiful buildings, and other hidden gems, along with regular walking, biking and pub tours, a unique London Street Art Tour, and graffiti workshops.

Unit 5, The Yard, Yorkton Street, E2 8NH Photo: Alternative London

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25 Best Things to Do in London