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The elevation of a town or city is an indicator of high or low that location is in relation to the mean sea level of Earth. Many major cities are located in coastal areas with relatively low elevations of 500 feet (152 m) or less, and low elevation areas tend to have slightly warmer temperatures than high elevation settlements. Elevation is an important geographical statistic with a lot of uses and influences. The elevation of Mexico City is extremely high at 7,380 feet (2,250 m).
The city's lowest point is at an elevation of 7,200 feet (2,200 m), while its highest point is at 12,890 feet (3,930 m), and many of the surrounding mountains and volcanoes can reach elevations exceeding 16,000 feet (5,000 m). Most other capital cities around the world are situated at much lower elevations than Mexico City, and the city’s exceedingly elevated location has a strong effect on its weather conditions. Due to the high elevation in Mexico City, visitors who are used to living at much lower elevations may need some time to adapt to the thinner air, with altitude sickness beginning to set in as one approaches elevations of 8,000 feet (2,500 m).
The average elevation in Mexico is given as 3,645 feet (1,111 m), so the elevation of Mexico City is much higher than the national average. The highest point in all of Mexico is the Pico de Orizaba, a strotvolcano with an elevation of 18,491 feet (5,636 m). The lowest point in the country is the Laguna Salada dry lake, which is located in the Sonoran Desert in Baja California and has an elevation of 33 feet (10 m) below sea level. Other major cities around Mexico include Ecatepec, which has an elevation of 7,380 feet (2,250 m), Guadalajara, which has an elevation of 5,138 feet (1,566 m), Puebla, which has an elevation of 7,005 feet (2,135 m), and Ciudad Juarez, which has an elevation of 3,730 feet (1,137 m).