Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time on Earth, observed in the area of Greenwich in the English capital of London. In many ways, it is the exact equivalent to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), and the two terms are often used interchangeably. The GMT Time Zone, also known as UTC±00:00 applies in the United Kingdom as well as in various other countries around both Europe and Africa, along with some territories and islands. CDC information for travelers. Hours/availability may have changed.


1.History of GMT Time Zone

History of GMT Time Zone
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It was decided that the solar time at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich would be the perfect location to define the Universal day, due to its longitudinal location. Due to Greenwich's location on the Earth, the Greenwich Meridian is part of the Earth's prime meridian, which is a line of longitude at which the longitude is at which longitude is defined as 0°.

The Greenwich Mean Time Zone applies in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, as well as Portugal, Iceland, Morocco, and several other countries. The biggest city in this time zone is London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, which has a population of around 8.8 million people throughout its Greater London area, and 14 million in its entire metropolitan area. Other major cities in this time zone include Dublin, Lisbon, and Casablanca, which are each the largest cities in their respective nations.

The United Kingdom, surrounded on all sides by seas and oceans, is a maritime nation with a lot of sailing so British mariners would use GMT time as a navigational aid. The time on their ships would be compared with a chronometer on GMT time to determine their longitudinal position.

It was in 1847 that Greenwich Mean Time was adopted all around the United Kingdom to help railway companies provide better timings and schedules for their trains. The Greenwich Mean Time Zone expanded to the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey in later years, and in Ireland in 1916.

Other countries were added to the Greenwich Mean Time Zone over the years, with some of them eventually deciding to leave the zone for various reasons. France, for example, used to observe GMT from the year 1911 onwards, but switched to GMT+1 in 1940, using GMT+2 in the summer. The same thing happened in Spain, where GMT was also observed until 1940 when the Spanish dictator Franco decided to abandon the system.

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2.Details of the GMT Time Zone

Details of the GMT Time Zone
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An interesting fact about the Greenwich Mean Time Zone is that the location on which the zone is based, Greenwich, doesn't actually observe GMT all-year long. This is because the United Kingdom moves into British Summer Time, or BST, which begins on the last Sunday of March and runs through until the final Sunday of October each year. BST is GMT+1 or UTC+1 and was established via the Summer Time Act of 1916.

Greenwich Mean Time, which is effectively the same as Coordinated Universal Time, is observed in the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Portugal, Morocco, and the Western Sahara territory of North Africa, but only during the winter time of the Northern Hemisphere. This is because, due to daylight savings systems in these countries and territories, these areas will switch to UTC+1 during the summer months, so no longer follow standard GMT time.

This time is also used in Iceland, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, the Gambia, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, the Faroe Islands, the Canary Islands of Spain, and the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. In all of these countries and territories, GMT time is observed all year long as there are no daylight savings systems in place.

There are also two locations that only observe Greenwich Mean Time in the summer of the Northern Hemisphere. These two areas are a small part of eastern Greenland around the community of Ittoqqortoormiit, as well as the Autonomous Region of the Azores in Portugal. These areas are too far west to be included in the Greenwich Mean Time Zone throughout the entire year but move their clocks forward one hour from UTC-1 during the summer periods to effectively observe GMT or UTC.

The westernmost point in which GMT is used is on the smallest of the Canary Islands at 18°00' W, while the easternmost point can be found in the United Kingdom in the coastal town of Lowestoft, East Anglia.

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GMT Time Zone



Attraction Spotlight: Tintagel Castle in North Cornwall

Located in North Cornwall, England, Tintagel Castle is a medieval castle that has over 1,500 years of history. Tintagel Castle is mostly popular for the Arthurian legends that have shaped the way many people view the castle today. More Places to Visit in England

Tintagel Castle’s history dates back to the Dark Ages, which are often regarded as 5th century AD to 7th century AD. While not much is known of Tintagel Castel’s history during this time period, it is known that it was an important structure and was most likely the home to Cornwall’s rulers. Archeologists have discovered luxury pottery fragments that were left behind from Mediterranean residents during this time period.

This mysterious time period is what most likely inspired Geoffrey of Monmouth to write History of the Kings of Britain in the 12th century. History of the Kings of Britain details the life and adventures of Merlin and King Arthur. Around the same time Geoffrey wrote his novel, Cornish and Breton writers penned the romance story associated with Tristan and Iseult in the setting of Tintagel.

After reading the legends, Richard, Earl of Cornwall, decided to build his castle in Tintagel. Although the location had no military value, Richard as allured with the legends. The allure of the legends are what kept Tintagel alive after the castle fell.

The castle remained in ruins for a few years until another owner started reconstruction. Little is known of how the castle was used from Richard’s death until 1480. Around 1480, William Worcestre officially named Tintagel the place that King Arthur as born. Many years later, in 1650, the castle was regarded as King Arthur’s Castle.

Fast forward to modern day, when the castle has been renamed Tintagel Castle, and is used as a place where history combines with legends to provide a memorable experience for visitors.

There are many things to do at Tintagel Castle that combines the historical significance of Tintagel Castle, as well as the legends that created the initial spark in Tintagel.

Exhibitions is the perfect place to start exploring at Tintagel Castle. Throughout the exhibitions, visitors have the chance to explore and learn about the legends and stories about King Arthur and Merlin that created the initial interest in Tintagel. Once visitors have immersed themselves within the fantasy, they can learn about Tintagel’s rich history. There are various sculptures, literary pieces, models, and art work that depict Tintagel’s history as a legend and historical site.

Outdoor Interpretation takes visitors throughout the outdoor grounds of Tintagel Castle. Visitors follow a stone path that is lined with panels, which reveal stories about Tintagel’s past. Everything from romance and adventure to trading and royal life at Tintagel Castle is revealed throughout the panels. Visitors can even participate in an active scavenger hunt to find Merlin’s face on the rocks on the beach and secret bronze sculptures relevant to King Arthur.

Great Hall and Bridge allows visitors to soak in the architectural beauty of Tintagel Castle, as well as the beauty of the surrounding environment. But, beware. In order to explore the magnificent sight, you have to trek up 148 stairs!

Dark Age Settlement is located near the entrance of Tintagel Castle. This rocky headland is where settlements used to stand during the Dark Ages. Since the Dark Ages, the settlements have been destroyed. But, visitors are encouraged to examine and explore the settlements to gain an insight of what life was like during the 5th and 7th centuries AD.

Although Tintagel Castle does not offer a variety of educational opportunities, the one program it does offer is outstanding. Between its allure with the legends of King Arthur, and its dense history, Tintagel Castle acknowledges that it is one of the most interesting and popular castles for school aged children. So, Tintagel Castle provides schools with a phenomenal school tour program. During the program, participants can enjoy a guided tour that will allow them to learn about the legends of King Arthur and the history of the castle in a more in-depth and hands-on experience. The tour blends history and lore to create a truly unique and imaginative experience for all ages.

Castle Rd, Tintagel PL34 0HE, UK, Phone: +44-37-03-33-11-81

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Hotel Spotlight: Dromoland Castle

Located in County Clare just a few miles from the Shannon International Airport, Dromoland Castle is one of Ireland’s most lavish five star hotels. As the ancestral home of the O’Brien’s of Dromoland, who were the Kings of Thomond and whose linage goes back 1,000 years, the Castle is ancient and full of history. Sitting on an estate of more than 400 acres of land, the Dromoland Castle Hotel is enchanting and a unique accommodation that will ensure an unforgettable experience.

Guests can choose from the Queen Anne rooms overlooking the courtyard, the deluxe rooms, or one of the staterooms and suites. There are 28 Queen Anne guest rooms at the Dromoland Castle that were built back in the mid-18th century. These rooms are about 350 square feet and can accommodate up to two people with a twin or king bed. Additional amenities of the Queen Anne room include comfy slippers and bathrobes, a Nespresso coffee maker, a television that offers both music and movies on demand, and a stocked minibar.

The hotel also offers the Deluxe room to its guests, which is a little bigger than the Queen Anne room at 420 square feet. The Deluxe room offers the same amenities as the Queen Anne rooms but comes with two double beds and overlook either the lake or the beautiful gardens.

For a more lavish stay, guests can choose to stay in one of the staterooms or penthouse suites. Each room has its own look and feel and private dining and seating area. Everything in these rooms from the intricate wood lamps to the marble covered bathroom and painted furniture is elegant and picturesque. The staterooms and penthouse suites are over 500 square feet and feature a king or two queen sized beds. These suites also include amenities like slippers, bathrobes, interactive television, and broadband internet.

Guests are guaranteed a cozy and traditional accommodation that is unique and modern at the same time during their stay at the Dromoland Castle.

The Dromoland Castle has a few dining options for its guests which include the world renowned Earl of Thomond Restaurant and the Fig Tree Restaurant. The Earl of Thomond offers a fine dining experience to guests of the castle. With an innovative yet traditional menu that uses high quality, locally sourced product and a dining experience that includes exceptional service and attention to detail, the Earl of Thomond is a fantastic place to dine during your stay.

Open for dinner, the Earl of Thomond offers menu items like roasted sea scallops served with orange and paprika puree and pimento salsa as well as a grilled fillet of Irish beef served with cabbage and a special port sauce. All dishes can be paired with a nice glass of red or white wine.

The Fig Tree Restaurant found in the Gold and Country Club onsite is open all day. The Fig Tree is a little more laid back but offers a cozy spot to enjoy a nice meal. Some dishes available at the Fig Tree Restaurant include the Fig Tree Club sandwich made with bacon, lettuce, chicken, tomato and egg mayonnaise, a fish and chip platter, and pasta served with spiced chorizo, tomatoes and peppers. If guests are craving something sweet, the Fig Tree restaurant has ice cream, citrus cheese cake, and warm toffee fudge cake to satisfy the sweet tooth.

The castle also offers afternoon tea from one o’clock in the afternoon to 4:30 pm every day and freshly baked pastries and breads. During the holiday season, festive afternoon teas can be sipped or if preferred, egg nog and mulled wine.

For guests looking to host a private party at the Dromoland Castle, the drawing room can be rented for parties and private dining. As for guests who would rather enjoy a meal in the comfort of their room, room service is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at the castle.

If guests would like to venture off the estate, there are also plenty of restaurants and bars in county Clare. Some highly reviewed restaurants include the Linnane’s Lobster Bar, the VL Restaurant, which serves the finest French food in the area, and Stonecutters Kitchen for a nice hearty lunch. When it comes to bars, county Clare is full of them. Some local favorites include Gus O’Connor’s Pub, located in Doolin, a coastal village County Clare and Kenny’s Bar. Gus O’Connor’s offers live music, great food and drink and is located steps away from the Doolin Pier where the ferries go to the Aran Islands and the Cliffs of Moher. Kenny’s Bar also offers plenty of live entertainment every week, plenty of Guinness and delicious bar grub like seafood chowder, double burgers, and nachos.

The Dromoland Castle is happy to host weddings as we all as corporate and private events for those who are interested in having them at the castle.

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For weddings, the Dromoland Castle offers the bride and groom the walled garden, lawn, and rose garden venue, the Terrace room, the Drawing room, the Brian Boru Hall, or Kincora Gallery for the ceremony and reception. The Terrace room overlooks the walled garden, the Drawing room is perfect for a smaller guest list, and the Kincora Gallery has a beautiful patio area for a relaxed, flower-filled reception. To ease the stresses of wedding planning, the Dromoland Castle has a wedding coordinator on staff that can answer all questions and provide any additional information the bride and groom may be looking for. Also, the Castle’s executive chef and cooking staff is available to create the perfect wedding menu for the special day.

Dromoland Castle is also available to host other events like corporate meetings and conventions. The conference center at Dromoland has thirty-foot-high ceilings, extravagant mahogany arched doorways, and plenty of space for groups of varying sizes. Many firms and groups utilize the space for product launches, exhibitions, business seminars, banquets and events like fashion shows and plays. All spaces have WIFI and exceptional sound and visual aids.

The Dromoland Castle has a luxurious spa onsite that includes an outdoor hydro pool, six different treatment rooms, and two manicure and pedicure rooms. Guests of the spa can treat themselves to a variety of facials, like the plantomer facial which is known to enhance the skin’s texture and maximize hydration or the firming facial which works to rebuild and strengthen the skin.

Guests can also request a body exfoliating treatment, a de-ageing wrap, or a variety of massages like a full body, deep tissue or head, neck, and scalp massage. Guests can pamper themselves for thirty minutes or a few hours at the spa. The spa also offers make up application and hair styling services as well. Booking an appointment in advance is recommended.

Golf lovers will be happy to know that the Dromoland Castle has one of the best 18-hole golf courses in the country on-site. The Dromoland Golf and Country Club is the perfect golf course to get introduced to Irish style golf and offers specials throughout the week for affordable rounds of golf. The Dromoland Golf and Country club is also a great spot for groups and corporate employees to bond and take part in some friendly competition.

There is plenty to do and see in county Clare and neighboring counties. Guests of the Dromoland Castle can enjoy nature walks, hiking, and horseback riding, or go fishing and clay shooting if they are looking for a different kind of thrill. With over 400 acres of land, the Castle estate is a wonderful area to explore on foot or by bike. The estate includes two public gardens, a natural gallery, a few working gardens, and a lily pond. Alongside the natural gallery, guests will see over 60 yew trees and a beech tree that is one of the oldest in Ireland. The estate includes many paths and walkways that lead to peaceful and picturesque corners of the estate.

For those who love horses, horse riding is an option at the Dromoland Castle. Guests can book a guided tour and enjoy the outdoors on horseback. For those who would rather travel by horse drawn carriage, the Dromoland Castle offers an hour long guided tour of the estate that includes an overview of the history of the castle and the estate.

Fishing trips are also available out of the Dromoland Castle. The lough nearby is full of fish and guests are free to fish from the banks of the lake or they can choose to hop on a fishing boat for a half day fishing trip and learn a thing or two out on the water with a fishing expert.

Another activity that is popular at the castle is clay pigeon shooting. Guests will not be shooting real birds or pigeons but will practice their aim, timing and concentration as the fake birds fly overhead. This sport is available for guests of all ages. Guests are sure to have fun and experience something new while staying at the Dromoland Castle.

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V95 ATD3, County Clare, Dromoland, Newmarket-on-Fergus, Ireland, Phone: +3-53-61-36-81-44

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