Elevation is an important geographical term that refers to the height of a location in relation to sea level. It is most commonly measured in feet or meters and used for key locations around the globe like towns, cities, mountains, and more. Elevation has a variety of uses and effects, and most points of elevation around Earth are above sea level, but some rare locations are technically below sea level. The Dead Sea is one of those rare cases, and is actually the lowest point on the planet, several hundred feet lower than the next lowest point.
The surface elevation of the Dead Sea is 1,412 feet (430.5 m) below sea level. Its lowest point, at its maximum depth, has an elevation of 2,388.5 feet (728 m) below sea level. The Jordan Valley, which houses the Dead Sea, is filled with many other extremely low points. Some examples include Neot HaKikar, a settlement in Israel, south of the Dead Sea, which has an elevation of 1,132 feet (345 m) below sea level and the city of Jericho, located in the West Bank at an elevation of 846 feet (258 m) below sea level, making it the lowest city on Earth.
Other low points in the area include the Sea of Falilee, which has an elevation of 702 feet (214 m) below sea level and the Israeli city of Tiberias, which has an elevation of 679 feet (207 m) below sea level. Other major low points around the globe include Lake Assal in Djibouti, which is the lowest point in Africa with an elevation of 502 feet (153 m) below sea level; Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, which has an elevation of 92 feet (28 m) below sea level and is the lowest point in Europe; and Badwater Basin, which is situated in Death Valley, California and has an elevation of 279 feet (85 m) below sea level, making it the lowest point in North America.
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