Elevation is one of the most important geographical statistics of any town or city. It has an influence on the city's climate conditions and is also an important factor in town planning and architecture. Elevation refers to the height of an area above or below sea level and is measured in feet or meters. The elevation of Boone is 3,333 feet (1,015.9 m), putting it above the national average of 2,500 feet (760 m) and well above the elevations of most major cities around the nation, with most of them being built at elevations of 500 feet (152 m) or less.
The high elevation of Boone is due to its location among the Blue Ridge Mountains, but the state of North Carolina is actually among the lowest in the country in terms of elevation. The mean elevation of the state of North Carolina is just 700 feet (210 m), which puts it a little higher than the lowest states of Delaware, Florida, and Louisiana, but much lower than high elevation states like Colorado and Wyoming. The highest elevation point in North Carolina is Mount Mitchell, part of the Appalachian Mountains, which has an elevation of 6,684 feet (2,037 m), while the state's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean, which is at sea level.
Compared to the average elevation of the state, Boone’s elevation is over 2,000 feet (609 m) higher. The town is also higher than many of the state’s major cities. The state capital of Raleigh, for example, has an elevation of 315 feet (96 m). Other big cities in North Carolina include Charlotte, which has an elevation of 751 feet (229 m), Greensboro, which has an elevation of 897 feet (272 m), and Durham, which has an elevation of 404 feet (123 m). Boone actually has the unique distinction of being the highest elevation town east of the Mississippi River to have a population of 10,000 people or more, so it's one of the highest inhabited communities in the eastern part of the United States.