Grand Portage is a beautiful territory located on the northeastern tip of Minnesota along Lake Superior. It features winding rivers, picturesque shorelines, sprawling meadows, thick forests, and hilltops with sweeping 360 degree views. Nature lovers will appreciate the flourishing flora and fauna of the area, as well as marvelous views of waterfalls along Pigeon River, including one at an impressive 120 feet in height.

1. Mount Josephine

Mount Josephine
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Mount Josephine is a majestic summit in the Sawtooth Mountains that overlooks Wauswaugoning Bay, Isle Royale, Grand Portage Bay of Lake Superior, the Susie Islands, and Pigeon Point. Located on the Grand Portage Reservation, the mountain offers visitors a moderately strenuous hike to its peak, with an elevation of approximately 1,342 feet. Visitors can access the main trail from the side of Highway 61. However, hikers who want a less vigorous or time-consuming trek can choose to ascend from the small parking area in the village of Grand Portage, taking the assigned trail up approximately 656 feet to an area where an old fire tower and several lookout points are situated.

170 Mile Creek Road, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-475-0123

2. Grand Portage State Park

Grand Portage State Park
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Grand Portage State Park is comprised of 278 beautiful acres of land in the northeastern part of Minnesota, at the very tip where the United States and Canadian borders meet. The park’s flora consists of mixed hardwood that includes mostly quaking aspen and paper birch, with occasional eastern white pine, white spruce, northern white cedar, balsam fir, and black ash. Visitors may see a few animal species roaming the grounds when visiting the park, including moose, white-tailed deer, red fox, black bear, beaver, and river otter. Visitors can enjoy a 3.5 mile hike to Middle Falls, explore the 120-foot cascading waterfall, or simply take in the breathtaking views over Isle Royale National Park and Lake Superior.

9393 East Highway 61, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-475-2360

3. Grand Portage National Monument

Grand Portage National Monument
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Visitors will find the Grand Portage National Monument situated along Lake Superior’s north shore in Grand Portage, Minnesota. The monument preserves vital Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage along with history regarding the area’s fur trade activity. The 8.5-mile footpath that bypasses rapids and waterfalls on the Pigeon River’s last 20 miles is the area’s historic Grand Portage. Visitors can enjoy a hike along a trail surrounded by hardwoods and evergreens as it switchbacks up Mount Rose; at the top they can take in breathtaking views over the historic depot, meadows, and shimmering Grand Portage Bay. Highlights include the Great Hall, Historic Gardens, the Canoe Warehouse, and Ojibwe Village.

170 Mile Creek Road, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-475-0123

4. Grand Portage State Forest, Grand Portage, MN

Grand Portage State Forest, Grand Portage, MN
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Grand Portage State Forest is a beautiful state forest situated near the Hovland and Grand Portage communities in Cook County, Minnesota. The forest is made up of 99,200 acres of picturesque landscape, perfect for several different forms of outdoor recreation. Much of the forest’s flora consists of paper birch, quaking aspen, white spruce, eastern white pine, black ash, and northern white cedar. The forest is loaded with a variety of animal species that include black bear, moose, white-tailed deer, red fox, red squirrel, and much, much more. Visitors can enjoy fun outdoor activities including hiking, mountain biking, camping, canoeing, and fishing.

116 W Highway 61, Grand Marais, MN, Phone: 218-475-2360

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5. Pigeon River, Grand Portage, Minnesota

Pigeon River, Grand Portage, Minnesota
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Pigeon River makes up part of the United States and Canada border between the province of Ontario and Minnesota’s Grand Portage territory. The river’s origin comes from a collection of lakes sprawled along the United States and Canada border. There are popular places along the river that include High Falls – a 120-foot high waterfall. Middle Falls, while not as impressive in size, is also still very beautiful. These falls are included within both the Grand Portage State Park in Minnesota, and the Pigeon River Provincial Park in Canada’s Thunder Bay District, Ontario. Visitors can enjoy fun river activities that include fishing, canoeing, kayaking, and whitewater rafting.

170 Mile Creek Road, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-475-0123

6. Grand Portage Isle Royale Transportation Lines

Grand Portage Isle Royale Transportation Lines
© Grand Portage Isle Royale Transportation Lines

Grand Portage Isle Royale Transportation Lines is a water transportation service headquartered in Grand Portage, Minnesota. The gateway to Michigan’s Isle Royale National Park, this transportation company is equipped with two boats, giving them the flexibility to offer several different travel options, as well as multiple drop-off and pick-up locations around the island. Day trip passengers will appreciate the short distance and fast trips to and from the island. During the trips visitors will see many points of interest that include the Spirit Little Cedar Tree – a white cedar over 400 years old, the 182-foot steamship America shallow water wreck, and the impressive Rock of Ages Lighthouse.

402 Upper Road, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-600-0765

7. Grand Portage Lodge and Casino, Grand Portage, MN

Grand Portage Lodge and Casino, Grand Portage, MN
© Grand Portage Lodge and Casino

Visitors will find Grand Portage Lodge and Casino situated along State Highway 61 in Grand Portage, Minnesota. The casino features a 15,000-square-foot gaming area equipped with over 450 video, multi-game, and multi-line slot machines. Visitors can also try their luck at the casino’s adrenaline-pumping table games that include Blackjack and Progressive Three Card Poker. Players can grab a drink at the easy-going Antlers Lounge before heading to the Island View restaurant for a juicy steak cooked to perfection. Guests won’t want to miss the opportunity to get in a rigorous workout at the lodge’s state-of-the-art fitness facility, take a dip in the shimmering pool, or sweat out toxins in the rejuvenating sauna.

70 Casino Drive, Grand Portage, MN, Phone: 218-475-2401

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Attraction Spotlight: Grand Portage National Monument

Grand Portage, located along Lake Superior in northeast Minnesota, is a vital preservation of the historic fur trade, a throwback to the alliance between the North West Company and the Ojibwe of Anishinaabeg during a rugged era of North American history. Visitors to this historic national monument will be able to experience the depot reconstructed as its heyday, travel along vital trade paths from a time forgotten, and see how the Ojibwe lived during the height of their society, all within view of soaring mountains, sweeping forests, and the grey-blue fog of the Pigeon River.


The historical site has had human activity as long as 2,000 years ago, with the area used by Native American nations as a travelling passage to Ontario and Minnesota hunting grounds. A map of the area was drawn for the first fur traders by Auchagah, a Cree guide, in 1729 during the early years of the French fur trade. Grand Portage over time served as the entry point into the lucrative fur-bearing country of the north and remained one of the most significant stops along the route for over 100 years.

In 1854, the Grand Portage was established as a part of the Ojibwe reservation in a treaty signed with the U.S. There, a school and post office were created. 100 years later, in 1958, the area was established as a national monument, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. Contained within the Grand Portage Native American Reservation, the monument consists of the recently reconstructed Historic Depot, the Heritage Center opened in 2007, and ongoing archaeological excavations that started in 1922 and regularly contribute to collections and historical understanding.

Permanent Exhibits and Habitats

The Grand Portage National Monument offers many attractions for visitors. The Historic Depot and Heritage Center represent a celebration of the fur trade and way of life for the Ojibwe. Many of the features and exhibits of Grand Portage are accessible, with golf carts and ramps available for much of the exploration. Accessible areas include the parking area, two floors of the Heritage Center, the path through Ojibwe Village, the canoe warehouse, and the kitchen. Accessible literature is available for visitors as well.

Heritage Center- Any visit to the Grand Portage National Monument will start for visitors at the Heritage Center. Here, visitors can collect general information, maps and brochures, as well as visit the gift shop and bookstore. Excavated out of what became the basement of the very building, the graywacke sandstone from the Rove Formation is used in the construction of Cook County’s tallest fireplace. Here also visitors can see media stories that depict life in Ojibwe culture, the early fur trade intercultural interactions, and the 18th century fur trade that spanned international boundaries. Upstairs in the Cultural Room visitors will find exhibits about local Grand Portage artisans and can see sweeping panoramas of the historic landscape.

Grand Portage Trail- The Grand Portage Trail makes up a majority of the corridor for the French Fur Trade, and through continuous excavation, more is continually added to the exhibits of the park. The trail consists of an older trail and a newer addition, and is traversable by foot, passing alongside steep hills and may be a moderate challenge.

Collections- Museum objects at Grand Portage National Monument number over 100,000 and include every day lifeway items and native artwork of the Ojibwe, Fur Trade artifacts, and thousands of historical papers including maps and photos. Only a part of the collection is visible at a given time, on exhibit in the Heritage Center and additionally within the buildings reconstructed in the depot area. The collection regularly rotates new pieces into the exhibits. Biological and geological specimens studying the ancient Precambrian formations and species leading up to and including the time of Grand Portage’s most bustling period are another large component of the collection. These include preserved specimens from the research and preservation on the areas flora, fauna, and land formations.

Beginning in 1922, to map Fort Charlotte’s remains, the excavation of Grand Portage has found thousands of fur trade and Ojibwe artifacts. Further understanding of fur trade culture and materials, such as the means by which the trade was conducted, how the early French traders did business with the native peoples, and the items they used in every day life, have been found using underwater sensing of things that settled to the bottom of the Pigeon River.

Ojibwe artwork and everyday items excavated and donated are a major component for the preservation of the culture of this ancient people. Many of the items are donated and are crafted from the old techniques in the 20th century to display what the culture would have been like hundreds of years ago. Many more still are excavated alongside the fur trade items and represent real items from when the Ojibwe were living in the area in their old homes and trading with fur traders. They are made of local materials such as leather, birchbark, and sweetgrass and are decorated with embroidery, beading, and porcupine quillwork of delicate quality.

Historic Gardens- First used by the North West Company between 1778-1803 but truly dating back farther than that, the Historic Gardens represent a preservation of heirloom seeds and the Three Sisters tradition. Three Sisters gardening is the combination of the “Three Sisters” – beans, corn, and squash – all planted in the same field together. They nourish and protect each other, preserving the plot and allowing for heirloom seed collection rather than relying on hybrid seed usage. The gardens are an important part of the reservation and monument, as the advent of hybrid seeds has resulted in a decrease in biodiversity across the world’s crops. By preserving the way of gardening for the Ojibwe, visitors can see how gardening was traditionally done. In addition, at the garden site visitors can read the story of how seeds were first traded among the natives, and then between natives and Europeans, to add parsnips and peas to the culture. The plots planted at the Historic Gardens are raised contemporary beds to preserve the unexcavated soil underneath while still celebrating the ancient tradition.

Ojibwe Village- A bustling display of interpretive performances, celebratory exhibits and reconstructed lifeways, the Ojibwe Village represents the heart and soul of the Grand Portage National Monument – the very people that cultivated the land and gave the rich culture its start. Visitors can see where many tribes of over 1000 Native peoples (including the Anishinaabeg Ojibwe, Assiniboine, and Cree) would visit for their summer rendezvous tradition. Here part of the Ojibwe and Fur Trade collections will be viewable, including notched arrowheads, knives, flakes of native copper and others. Here, tourists can learn the histories of objects as well as the lifestyles and interactions of the peoples here. Exhibits depicting the stopover of French fur traders in their interactions with the native dwellers are on display as well as the Three Sisters Garden. As well, prominently displayed in this area is the Canoe Warehouse, a careful reconstruction of a long log building on pilings, displaying different styles of canoes for the curious visitor.

Natural Wonder: The Grand Portage is home to unique formations from the middle and late Precambrian areas that form a blueprint for the terrain’s own construction. The watercourses that would become the primary river routes for the fur trade in the area were formed from dikes and high hills that settled into place between 1,200 million years to 1,000 million years ago. The evidence of this prehistoric formation is seen in the spectacular Rove Formation, which is visible as cascading flat grey rock fragments in layered shelves like dilapidated scales travelling high up the hill. Stones from the Rove Formation were used in the original construction of the depot and village, as well as the reconstruction.

Special Events

During the early part of the year, visitors may be able to catch a glimpse of the Grand Portage Dog Sled Race that travels through the historic trail. Much like the rest of the park, dog sledding stems from an old northern tradition and represents the rugged old wilds of the fur trade. Visitors during the second weekend of August can partake in the Grand Rendezvous and Powwow. The grandest celebration of the year, the Grand Rendezvous and Powwow hosts music, dancing, hands-on workshops and craft demonstrations representing the summer rendezvous of the Ojibwe and their fur trade partners. Re-enactors can enter contests of historical skills or historic games.

Dining and Shopping

When visiting the Grand Portage National Monument, visitors can experience the historic kitchen, excavated in the 1970s and reconstructed from over 14,000 artifacts. The kitchen consists of the mess house and fireplace as well, reconstructed authentically. Artisan interpretive chefs and bakers perform their work here and may have bread, shortbread, scones, stews and soups, fish, roast turkey and more on offer. Prepared in the old style, the Depot’s Historic Kitchen will delight visitors and transport them to a simpler time.

Grand Portage, MN 55605, Phone: 218-475-0123