Elevation is a key term when speaking about any mountain as it shows how high the mountain's peak is in relation to sea level. Elevation should not be confused with prominence, which is another geographical term that refers to the height of a mountain from its lowest contour line to its peak. The prominence of Mount Mitchell is 6,089 feet (1,856 m), while its elevation is 6,684 feet (2,037 m), so the prominence of this mountain is quite similar to its elevation. Mount Mitchell also has an isolation of 1,189 miles (1,914 km), making it one of the most isolated peaks on the planet and fourth most isolated in all of North America.
Other mountains in the Black Mountain range include Mount Craig, which is the second highest peak after Mount Mitchell and has an elevation of 6,647 feet (2,026 m), Balsam Cone, which has an elevation of 6,611 feet (2,015 m), The Pinnacle, which has an elevation of 5,665 feet (1,727 m), Big Tom, which has an elevation of 6,581 feet (2,006 m), and Celo Knob, which is the northernmost major peak of the Black Mountains and has an elevation of 6,327 feet (1,928 m).
Like with other major mountains and hills around the world, the high elevation of Mount Mitchell has a direct effect on its climate. As we go up in elevation, the air becomes thinner and colder, resulting in higher chances of snow and sub-zero temperatures. The temperature at Mount Mitchell frequently drops below freezing point from November through to April and huge amounts of snow can fall during these months of the year, with around 91 inches falling annually. The mountain also sees over 74 inches of rainfall throughout the year and can be subject to regular storms.