The Commonwealth of Australia is the sixth biggest country in terms of physical area and incorporates the mainland of Australia, along with the island of Tasmania and several other smaller islands. The country covers an area of 2,969,907 square miles (7,692,024 square km) and has an estimated population of just over 25 million. The capital city of Australia as a nation in Canberra, but the country has eight capital cities in total, with each capital being the governmental seat of its respective state or territory. Here are some details on all eight capital cities of Australia. CDC information for travelers. Hours/availability may have changed.


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Canberra is the capital city of Australia. It's the biggest inland city in the country and the eighth biggest in total, covering an area of 314.4 square miles (814.2 square km). Canberra has an estimated population of 403,000. It is located in the Australian Capital Territory, a federal district in the southeastern part of the country. Some of the key monuments and landmarks in Canberra include the Parliament House and National Library of Australia.

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Sydney is the state capital of the New South Wales Region, situated in the southeastern part of Australia. Sydney is the biggest city in Australia, covering an area of 4,775.2 square miles (12,367.7 square km) and having an estimated population of 5.1 million. Sydney has the busiest rail station in Australia and attracts millions of visitors each year due to monuments like the Sydney Opera House. Sydney is also home to the oldest library in the country, along with more than 2.5 million acres of parks and reserves.

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Melbourne is the capital of the state of Victoria, which is located in the southeastern part of Australia, on the southern shore. After Sydney, Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia, covering an area of 3,858.1 square miles (9,992.5 square km) and having an estimated population of 5 million. Melbourne was founded in 1835 and named William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, who was Prime Minister of Great Britain at the time. Melbourne is seen as the main cultural hub of Australia.

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Brisbane is the capital of the state of Queensland on the eastern coast of Australia. Built on the Brisbane River, the city of Brisbane covers an area 6,116.6 square miles (15,842 square km) and has an estimated population of 2.4 million, making it the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane is one of the older major cities of Australia and is well-known as a major business and touristic center for the country, attracting many visitors for its unique architecture and historical sites.

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Perth is the capital city of the state of Western Australia. As the name suggests, this area is located in the western part of the country. Perth covers an area of 2,478 square miles (6,417.9 square km) and has an estimated population of 2 million. This city was founded in 1829 and is a major economic and cultural hub for the whole western part of the country. Tourism is a big part of Perth's economy, with the city attracting several million visitors per year due its museums and parks.

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Adelaide is the capital of the state of South Australia, situated in the south central part of the mainland. Adelaide is the fifth biggest city in the country, covering an area of 1,257.8 square miles (3,257.7 square km). Adelaide has an estimated population of 1.3 million and has the unique distinction of being home to over 75% of its state's residents. The city was named after Adelaide of Saxe Meiningen, the wife of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

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Hobart is the capital of the island state of Tasmania, which is situated a relatively short distance off the southeastern coast of the Australian mainland. Hobart covers an area of 654.6 square miles (1,695.5 square km) and has an estimated population of 222,000. This city was founded in the early 19th century as a penal colony by British settlers, making it the second oldest capital city in Australia.

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Darwin is the capital of the Northern Territory of Australia, located on the central northern part of the Australian mainland's coast. It is the biggest city in the Northern Territory but the smallest of all the eight Australian capital cities. Darwin covers an area of 1,221.6 square miles (3,163.8 square km) and has an estimated population of 145,000. Due to its northerly location, Darwin has good trade and business links with certain parts of Asia like Indonesia. The city is under regular threat of major storms and cyclones.

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The Capital Cities of Australia

  • Canberra, Photo: jerdad/
  • Sydney, Photo: Alan Smithers/
  • Melbourne, Photo: f11photo/
  • Brisbane, Photo: JRstock/
  • Perth, Photo: rudi1976/
  • Adelaide, Photo: ymgerman/
  • Hobart, Photo: Darren/
  • Darwin, Photo: Klodien/
  • Cover Photo: Courtesy of Lev -

Attraction Spotlight: The Aquarium of Western Australia

AQWA, or the Aquarium of Western Australia, is located in Perth, Australia, twenty minutes north of Perth City along the shores of Hillarys Boat Harbor on Australia’s “shipwreck coast.” Over 400 species of marine life at the aquarium are represented by more than 4,000 specimens.

Exhibits at the aquarium are designed to mimic Western Australia’s 7,500-mile coastline. Exhibits include a Perth Coast gallery, which mimics the metropolitan area’s sandy beaches and sea grass beds and reefs. The Great Southern exhibit offers a glimpse into the icy cold habitat formed by Antarctic wind and waves. The Great Southern exhibit includes jellyfish and sea dragons. The Far North exhibit recreates the muddy mangroves of Kununurra, and the white, shallow beaches of Rowley Shoals and features the world’s largest living reptile, the saltwater crocodile.

At the Shipwreck Coat exhibit, visitors travel along a conveyor belt through an underwater tunnel that goes beneath the aquarium’s largest tank. At 800,000-gallons, 130-feet long and 66-feet wide, the aquarium is among Australia’s largest. The water for the exhibit is directly pumped in from the adjacent Indian Ocean. Over 70 species are represented in the tank, which is home to smooth stingrays, the grey nurse shark, loggerhead sea turtles, and octopi. The Shipwreck Coast exhibit is also known for the AQWA Mermaids, who regularly swim through the tank’s waters.

DangerZone is a popular exhibit that features flora and fauna native to Western Australia that can bite, sting, or trap its prey. Highlights of the exhibit include lionfish and stonefish, the blue ringed octopus, sea snakes and cone shells. A living Coral Reef exhibit is among the world’s largest and hosts corals and reef fish native to Rottnest Island. AQWA is one of a handful of aquariums worldwide who does not use artificial coral in any exhibit.

History: AQWA opened in 1988 as Underwater World Perth, and was purchased by Coral World International in 1991, who then renamed the aquarium Ocean World. In 2000, Coral World International sold the aquarium, and it rebranded to become AQWA, the Aquarium of Western Australia. Today, AQWA is once again owned and operated by Coral World International, who operates several aquariums worldwide, including Hawaii’s Maui Ocean Center, Israel’s Coral World, and Spain’s Palma Aquarium.

Milestones for the aquarium include the addition of three bottlenose dolphins, who came to the aquarium for rehabilitation in 1992, and the addition of whale watching adventures in 2000. In 2002, the Dive with Sharks experience was launched, and in 2006 the DangerZone exhibit opened. The aquarium’s seals were relocated to the Adelaide Zoo in 2009, which allowed for their enclosure to be converted to a coral reef exhibit in 2010. In 2017, the Adventure Bay Activity Hub was launched, which features an outdoor amphitheater, children’s playground and diving hub.

Ongoing Programs and Education: Presentations and animal feedings take place daily at AQWA. Shark feedings can be viewed from the main tank’s underwater tunnel, while fish feeding takes place at Adventure Bay, and turtle feeding takes place at the turtle tank. Presentations are offered daily at the Touch Pool, the underwater tunnel, and the DangerZone exhibit. Sharky is AQWA’s mascot, and can be found in the Touch Pool and Great North exhibit areas, and Story Time takes place daily in a variety of locations.

A range of VIP experiences and adventures are available at AQWA, including learn to snorkel or learn to dive experiences. Those with experience may dive or snorkel with the sharks in the aquarium’s main tank, or learn to swim like a mermaid alongside one of the famed AQWA mermaids.

Behind the scenes tours take guests behind the galleries for a guided tour that shows how the animals are fed and cared for. Visitors on the tour may assist with feeding the sea turtles at AQWA’s rehabilitation center. The Shark Sleepover is an overnight event that offers children marine-themed activities, special guided tours, a movie screening, and the opportunity to sleep in the tunnel below the aquarium’s 800,000-gallon tank while sharks swim overhead. Glass bottomed boat tours take visitors out on to the main tank for a bird’s eye view of the fish, sharks, and rays below.

The aquarium’s picturesque location lends itself to parties and catered events for school and corporate groups, weddings, and other social events. A range of venues may be chosen, and packages are available that include full catering, seating, lighting, and music.

91 Southside Drive, Hillarys 6025, Australia, hone: +61-08-94-47-75-00

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Attraction Spotlight: Bells at Killcare

Australia always appears on lists of the best vacation destinations, and it's not hard to see why. Whether you're exploring a big city location like Sydney or Melbourne, or heading off to see the more natural side of Australia in its national parks and beautiful beaches, there's a lot to be loved about 'The Land Down Under'.

One of the best places to visit in Australia is Bouddi. Situated in the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Bouddi National Park is a sublime stretch of coastal landscapes, renowned for its magnificent landscapes, unbeatable coastal walks, and superb wildlife spotting opportunities.

'Bouddi' is actually the Aboriginal word for 'heart', with Bouddi National Park holding a special place in the hearts of the many people who visit each year. If you're planning a trip to Bouddi and want to enjoy some of the best accommodation and dining in the area, Bells at Killcare is the place to go.

Bells at Killcare - Boutique Hotel, Restaurant, and Spa at Bouddi

Bells at Killcare is a leading hotel, restaurant, and spa location in the Bouddi area of New South Wales. It's situated in a prime spot, mere minutes away from Bouddi National Park and key touristic hotspots like Maitland Bay Beach and Putty Beach, offering comfortable accommodation at affordable prices, great quality dining experiences, and soothing spa treatments too.

- Location - Bells at Killcare is situated at 107 The Scenic Rd, Killcare Heights NSW 2251. This Bouddi hotel and restaurant is mere minutes away from all the coastal walks and natural beauty of Bouddi National Park, being the perfect place to base oneself for exploration of the surrounding area, while also providing immediate access to the unique sites and amenities of Killcare Heights as well. The Bouddi National Park Information Centre is just around the corner from the hotel, while Putty Beach is within walking distance too. In short, if you’re heading to NSW to enjoy and explore Bouddi, this is a great place to be.

- The Hotel - Bells at Killcare is an award winning location designed with elegance and comfort in mind. It offers a total of 25 private coastal suites and cottages spread out across beautifully landscaped grounds featuring tranquil streams and ponds and native plants of all kinds. The hotel is perhaps best known among locals for its restaurant and bar, which has won awards and been featured in such publications as the Australian Restaurant Guide and Delicious Magazine, but it also offers its own day spa and is only a 20-minute ferry trip away from Sydney's Palm Beach or just a 90 minute drive from the city itself.

- Accommodation at Bells at Killcare - Those who choose to spend the night at Bells at Killcare will find themselves in a true home away from home, with all the comforts, luxuries, and conveniences they could need to have a wonderful stay and make some very happy memories. The cottages and suites of Bells at Killcare were designed with the style and beauty of The Hamptons in mind, while also taking cues from the surrounding coastal areas and unique beauty of NSW. The accommodations here are equipped with luxury bathrooms, cutting edge technologies, and Ralph Lauren designer furnishings, with a lot of care and attention going into each and every individual aspect.

- Dining at Bells at Killcare - Whether you're staying in the Bouddi area at Bells at Killcare or just passing by and looking for a great meal, you can't afford to miss out on the restaurant and bar. Ranked as the best in the area and highly praised by many leading Australian dining and travel publications, the Bells at Killcare restaurant offers authentic Italian cuisine and world class service. The menu features a superb selection of delicious antipasto and classic Italian dishes, made with only the freshest and finest ingredients, often sourced locally.

- The Spa at Bells at Killcare - No visit to Bells at Killcare can be totally complete without spending a little bit of time at the hotel's day spa. Many people visit Bouddi to get away from the big city environment of Sydney and forget their worries for a little while, and the spa is simply the perfect place to do this. Surrounded by lush vegetation and offering a soothing, relaxing ambience for every visitor to enjoy, the Bells at Killcare day spa provides massages, body treatments, and more, also featuring its own infra-red sauna and running yoga classes too.

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More Ideas: Boutique Corowa Hotel

The town of Corowa in New South Wales sits on the Murray River and the state border with Victoria. Only around 5,000 people call it home, but it's still the biggest town in the Federation Council, home to various interesting historic landmarks and heritage listed sites.

One of the town's most historic buildings, the former Rural Bank of NSW, once housed the riches of sheep and wheat harvests, but has since been transformed into one of the area's best hotels: CIRCA 1936.

CIRCA 1936 - Boutique Corowa Hotel

Situated on a tree lined street in the heart of the town, CIRCA 1936 is ranked as one of the best hotels in Corowa, offering luxurious accommodation, deluxe packages, beautiful art, super service, and more.

- Overview - Housed in one of the city's oldest buildings, CIRCA 1936 is the sort of place where you don't just get to enjoy all the comforts and luxuries of a 'home away from home', but you can also feel so much history and so many stories in the walls around you. The pressed metal ceilings and gorgeous art deco elements of the design help to give CIRCA 1936 a unique aesthetic identity, while the hopes, dreams, and heartbreaks of the building's past can be felt throughout. Offering top quality amenities, wonderful hospitality, and so much more, CIRCA 1936 is the best place to stay for your trip to Corowa.

- The South Suite - One of three luxury suites at CIRCA 1936, the South Suite measures up at 50 square meters, with all that space spread out across three rooms in total. Guests in this suite can relax in the cozy lounge, slip off to a peaceful sleep int he bedroom, or enjoy the 18 square meter bathroom. The spaces are all decorated with art deco elements and unique artworks, equipped with a walk-through rain shower and panoramic views of the Murray River.

- The North Suite - Another of the trio of luxury suites at CIRCA 1936, the North Suite is equipped with a king size bed and offers a grand total of 54 square meters of space. It features three meter high pressed metal ceilings, 180 degree views of the historic heart of Corowa, a beautiful Le Corbusier day bed, a spacious bath tub, a Frank Lloyd Wright designed stained glass window, and more.

- The West Suite - Last but not least, we have the West Suite. Featured a 20 square meter bathroom with an oversized bath tub, gorgeous views out onto the tree lined main street of Corowa, and more overall floor space than any of the other suites at CIRCA 1936. All of the art deco beauty and unique history of the building can be seen throughout the West Suite.

- The Club Lounge - When you just want to sit back, relax, and enjoy delicious food and soothing drinks, the Club Lounge at CIRCA 1936 is the place to be. Offering tasty sharing platters, top class wines, a curated collection of coffees and teas from around the world, and more, the Club Lounge is a fine dining and relaxation destination for all guests of this boutique Corowa hotel.

- The Bed and Breakfast Package - Those who opt for a Bed and Breakfast stay at CIRCA 1936 will be able to enjoy full, delicious, fresh breakfast prepared for them each morning in the lounge from 8.30am to 10am. Morning teas and coffees are also available in the lounge, and a night cap will be delivered to your suite each night. Guests can also enjoy the luxuries and conveniences of their own personal butler service for pressing and laundry, as well as use of hotel bicycles and discounts on food, drinks, and spa treatments.

- The Spa - If you're heading to Corowa for a relaxing, soothing vacation to rid your mind and body of worries and tensions, the day spa of CIRCA 1936 is the place to be. An Asian-inspired design welcomes you to this soothing space, offering a range of treatments, all delivered by Balinese trained therapists with years of experience and accompanied by a range of exclusive in-house CIRCA products.

- The Luxury Escape Package - Those looking for the maximum of comfort and luxury during their stay at CIRCA 1936 should consider the Luxury Escape Package. Offering full suite accommodation, $400 of credit in day spa treatments per night of your stay, a three course dinner at Tuileries restaurant, breakfast each morning in the lounge, teas and coffees in the lounge, night caps, suite servicing twice per day, butler service, early check-in and late check-out options, and discounts on other services too.

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