There’s an endless list of places to visit and attractions to experience in Armenia. The country is home to some of the world’s most spectacular heritage sites, towering old monasteries and a local culture that only be described as laid back and hospitable. From culture to history to relaxation, avid travelers can have their fill of bucket-list worthy experiences in Armenia and bring home memories that will last a lifetime.

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1.Areni Cave Complex

Areni Cave Complex
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What do the world’s oldest shoe, brain and winery have in common? Interestingly, they were all held in a series of Armenian Caves known as the Areni Cave Complex. The caves are nothing less than a treasure trove of artifacts – particularly artifacts from the Copper Age. Guided tours are available to interested travelers, all of which are full of factoids and interesting knowledge that will definitely pique the interest of history lovers. Some awesome finds to see up close at the caves include a several burial sites dating back to 5000 or 4000 BCE, the oldest sample of Neolothic brain in the world, and the world’s oldest wine press.

Areni-1, Areni, Armenia 3604

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2.Armenian Genocide Museum and Institute

Armenian Genocide Museum and Institute
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Established in 1995, the Armenian Genocide Museum and Institute is dedicated to the academic and scientific study as well as the exhibition of textual and visual documentation to the 20th century’s first genocide. The museum features artifacts that depict the Western Armenian way of live before and during the genocide in the Ottoman Empire, and also works hard to preserve and honor the victims of this time. Housed in a spectacular two-story building, the museum has seen hundreds and thousands of visitors since it opened including French Presidents like Jacques Chirac and Francois Hollande, Pope John Paul II, Pope Francis, and Vladimir Putin.

Tsitsnernakaberd Memorial Complex, Yerevan, Armenia 0028, Phone: 374-1039-0981

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3.Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory

Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory
© Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory

Nestled in the small village of Byurakan, the Byurakan Astrophyiscal Observatory is Armenia’s foremost center for astrophysical research and is characterized by several of its glistening silver domes. At the observatory, guests can see the 2.6m Cassegrain reflector, which was once the largest telescope in the USSR. Browse the observatory’s collection of astrophysical artifacts, learn fun and interesting facts about space and the stars, or even try using the powerful telescope to observe the moon, stars and planets. Of course, the grounds are amazing to behold alone as the beautiful Mount Aragats serves as the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory’s stunning backdrop.

Bryurakan 0212, Armenia

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4.Erebuni Museum

Erebuni Museum
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The Erebuni Museum is an eye-catching tourist destination that was established in 1968. As a historical and archaeological museum, the Erebuni was once a Urartian Fortress dating back to 782 BCE. After the city-fortress was excavated, the fortress was restored and converted into the museum that locals and visitors alike know and love today. Many of the items excavated from the site are now housed in the museum including giant karasses, which were used to store wine, ceramic artifacts, agate beads, bronze bracelets and more. All of the items weave into one beautiful story of what life was like in the citadel thousands of years ago.

38 Erebuni Street, Yerevan 0020, Armenia, Phone: 374-1043-2661

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5.Garni Gorge

Garni Gorge
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A breathtakingly beautiful geological oddity, the Garni Gorge is a beautiful place to for a full-day recreational trip. The gorge’s vertical cliffs are absolutely stunning and visitors can explore the entire area from top to bottom through great walking paths, which pass over an 11th century bridge, or in your vehicle. The gorge is also home to some of the country’s most spectacular locations like the prominent Garni Temple, which dates back to first century AD. Wonderfully preserved, the Garni Temple is the only remaining Pagan structure left in Armenia and was said to have been left there because of its indescribable beauty. Recreations of the rituals can also be experienced at the temple.

Marzpetuni Street, Garni 2215, Armenia

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6.History Museum of Armenia

History Museum of Armenia
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Founded in 1919, the History Museum of Armenia is the country’s very first museum is home to a spectacular collection of items that perfectly represent Armenia’s character, culture and heritage. The national collection features nearly 400,000 objects including numismatic, ethnographical specimens, and unique archaeological items. There are also items to behold that date back all the way to the Paleolith age. Collections at the History Museum of Armenia are separated into four distinct collections, each of which are interesting and captivating in their own ways. Guided tours are available while self-led tours are also an option for visitors.

4 Republic Square 375010 Yerevan, Armenia, Phone: 374-1052-0691

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7.Khosrov Forest State Reserve

Khosrov Forest State Reserve
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Magical and rich in natural as well as cultural heritage, the Khosrov Forest State Reserve is nothing short of a wonderland. The reserve is the ideal place to visit in Armenia for lovers of the great outdoors, as it features one of the most biodiverse habitats in the world’s temperate zone. Notable features of the Khosrov Forest State Reserve include over 3500 special of endemic flora and over 6000 species of Caucasus flora. Wildlife is equally diverse with 283 special of vertebrates calling the reserve home. Some of the animals visitors may spot at the Khosrov Forest State Reserve are the Caspian Snowcock, the Armenian Viber, the Bezoar goat and the Caucasian leopard.

79 Kasyan Street, Vedi, Ararat Province, Armenia, Phone: 374-2342-1352

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8.Lake Parz

Lake Parz
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There’s a hidden gem tucked away in the Tavush region’s Dilijan National Park: the stunning, remote and relaxing Lake Parz. Located at an altitude of 1,400 meters above sea level, Lake Parz is the perfect place to spend the day and simply disconnect with the hustle and bustle of the modern world. The lake is beautiful at any time of the year and offers fishing trips, camping areas as well as tourist boats. Just a short walk away from the edge of the lake are two monasteries worth a visit, the Jukhtak and the Matosavank Monasteries. Don’t forget to walk around the winding paths that surround the lake for peaceful, mind-clearing recreation.

Leningradyan 34/36, Yerevan, Armenia, Phone: 374-9399-0001

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9.Lake Sevan

Lake Sevan
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Known for being the largest body of water in all of Armenia and the Caucasus area, as well being one of Eurasia’s largest freshwater alpine lakes. Known as the Jewel of Armenia and also as the Geghama Sea, Lake Sevan is an ancient relic of the nation that is definitely a sight to behold. Visitors to Lake Sevan can explore pristine thick woods, lovely white bare steep rocks, fabulous alpine meadows as well as pebble beaches, white bare steep rocks and more. In terms popular landmarks to visit, Lake Sevan is home to the Hayravank Monastery, the Noratus Cemetery, the Odzaberd Fortress and the Sevanavank Monastery.

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10.Lovers’ Park

Lovers’ Park
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Spend a romantic afternoon strolling through a lovely public garden when you visit the Kentron District’s Lovers’ Park. This 2.5-hectare large park was originally called the Kozern Park and dates back to the 18th century. Some of the park’s popular and must visit features are its chapel and medieval cemetary. Additionally, the park is home to a small but lovely amphitheater that can seat 215 people. As such, there are often open-air reading festivals, music festivals, exhibitions and concerts that take place at the park for public enjoyment. If you want to be sure to catch a celebration taking place in the park, then swing by during one of Armenia’s national holidays or feasts.

21 Marshal Baghramyan Avenue, Yerevan 0018, Armenia, Phone: 374-1196-6868

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© Courtesy of mostockfootage -

The Matenadaran, which is also known as the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, is an incredible place to visit for people who want to soak up the history, culture and heritage of Armenia. Established in 1959, the Institute is a remarkable repository of over 23,000 manuscripts, ancient parchments and fragments. The Matenadaran’s museum complex consists of 15 fabulously curated hales, all of which showcase the precious bindings, old printed books, individual miniatures and more from the spiritual heritage of the country. Some notable items on display include “The Book of Lamentations” of St. Gregory of Narek, the Zeytun Gospel and the Hrashagorts Gospel.

53 Mashtots Avenue, Yeveran 0009, Armenia, Phone: 374-1051-3014

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12.Mother Armenia

Mother Armenia
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Jubilantly rising from Victory Park, Mother Armania is a moment that stands a beacon of cultural significance. The monument stands at 22 meters, or 72 feet, tall and is made from hammered copper. Beautiful and eye catching, the statue symbolizes peace through strength and is flanked by the Grave of the Unknown Soldier, which serves as a moving memorial of war victims. Inside the monument’s pedestal is the Mother Armenia Museum of the Ministry of Defense which is home to 30,000 historical artifacts such as photos, objects and documents directly related to the Nagorno Karabakh war. Make sure to talk a stroll around Victory Park as well.

2 Asatutyan Avenue, Yerevan, Armenia

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13.Museum of Folk Art

Museum of Folk Art
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Examine Armenian arts and crafts as well as works of fine art at the Museum of Folk Art, a cultural center in Yerevan. Pieces exhibited in the museum are those that have been collected specifically for the museum since the 1930s, and was first opened by the avid ethnographer Abetnak Babayan. The several collections and galleries in the Museum of Folk Art display pieces from the different eras of Armenian culture. Some items that visitors can look forward to seeing up close include traditional Armenian embroidery, ceramics, paintings, carvings and metal crafts. There is also a breathtaking collection Armenian jewelry such as silver pieces that are artistically decorated with precious and semiprecious stones.

64 Abovyan Street, Yerevan 0026, Armenia, Phone: 374-1056-9383

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14.Museum of Modern Art

Museum of Modern Art
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Founded in 1972 by Henrick Igitian, the Museum of Modern Art houses an impressive collection of 2,300 pieces of art. Many, if not most, of the artworks featured in the museum were donated by Armenian artists and Arts Funds, as well as pieces that were acquired by the Ministry of Cultural of Armenia. The museum offers visitors the chance to study the evolution of Armenia’s modern art from the 1960s to present day as well as hear lectures given by experts in the area of modern art. Guests can see pieces on display by artists like Jansem, Karzou, Sarian, Khandijan and the Elibekians for starters.

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15.National Gallery of Armenia

National Gallery of Armenia
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One glimpse at the National Gallery of Armenia is enough to know that it’s a world class museum. The gallery, which is the largest art museum in the country, is prominently located in Armenia’s capital and houses a stunning of collection of art within its fifty-six halls. Undeniably impressive, the National Gallery of Armenia features a permanent collection comprised of historically significant works of art from the ancient world to present day. Art savants can take a good look and appreciate the marvelous works of artists like Sureniants, Servon, Rodin, Aivazovsky and Kandinsky, to name a few.

1 Aram Street, Yerevan 0010, Armenia, Phone: 374-1056-7472

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16.Old Khndzoresk Cave Village

Old Khndzoresk Cave Village
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Mind boggling and absolutely amazing, the Old Khndzoresk Cave Village is an incredible network of natural and man-made caves that, up until the 20th century, was home to Eastern Armenia’s largest village. Nestled on the slope of a hill, the historic cave village is estimated to have been home to up to 15,000 people and even had three schools and a couple of churches. Today, visitors are welcome to explore the network of caves at the village and can even traverse the gorge if they’re brave enough. The adrenaline pumping experience will have adventurers crossing a 160-meter long suspension bridge that wiggles and shakes with every step.

Khndzoresk 3207, Armenia

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17.Sergei Parajanov Museum

Sergei Parajanov Museum
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It doesn’t take a long filmography for a filmmaker to make a mark on his country’s culture and heritage. This is exactly the case for Sergei Parajanov, an Armenian filmmaker, who rose to international prominence after he produced the film entitled Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors. It was Sergei’s bravery and lyrical style in filmmaking that inspired and captured the attention of audiences all over the world. These were also the qualities that later resulted in his namesake museum being founded. The Sergei Parajanov museum features images and artifacts that are related to Sergei’s films and even has a reconstruction of the filmmaker’s Tblisi home.

Dzoragyugh 1st Street, Yerevan, 375015, Armenia, Phone: 374-1053-8473

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18.Sevanavank Monastery

Sevanavank Monastery
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Situated at the northwestern shore of the popular Lake Sevan, the Sevanavank Monastery was founded in 874 AD by the daughter of Ashot I, Princess Mariam. The monastery was founded at the time when Armenia was still battling to emancipate itself from Arab rule and was built for monks from Echmiadzin. There are two churches located on the monastery grounds, the Holy Apostoles and the Mother of God, both of which are cross shaped and have octagonal tambours. Other items of interest to see at the Sevanavank Monastery are the ruins of a gavit, and the stunning natural vistas of Lake Sevan.

Sevan Peninsula, Lake Sevan, Armenia

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19.Temple of Garni

Temple of Garni
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No visit to Armenia is complete without a trip to the Temple of Garni. Built sometime during the 3rd millennium BC by ancestral Armenians, the Temple of Garni was built over a Urartian temple and dedicated to the pagan sun goddess Mythra. Today, the temple is the only remaining Pagan religious landmark in a country that is known for being the first Christian nation in the world. It is said that the temple was left standing due to its remarkable beauty. Visitors to the temple would be remiss not to explore the surrounding wilderness, which is home to beautiful rocky formations, canyons, caverns as well as the Goghi and Azat Rivers.

Garni 2215, Armenia, Phone: 374-5258-6855

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20.Khor Virap Monastery

Khor Virap Monastery
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There’s no denying that the Khor Virap Monastery and its surrounding vistas are ultra-gorgeous. Don’t believe us? Just check out every single advertisement of Armenia. Practically all of them feature Khor Virap and the snowcapped peaks of Mount Ararat that sit beautifully and majestically in the background (and also happen to be the national symbol of the nation). As one of the country’s most popular tourist destinations, the Khor Virap Monastery is known for it its beautiful architecture and for being the site where Grigor Luisavorich was imprisoned for 13 years. His imprisonment and subsequent curing of King Trdat III would eventually lead to Amernia’s transformation into the first Christian nation in the world at 301 AD.

Highway Hill, Lusarat, Armenia 0612, Phone: 374-7738-0050

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21.Geghard Monastery

Geghard Monastery
© Courtesy of Jan -

Dating back to the 4th Century, the Geghard is a medieval Amernian monastery that was once the spiritual center of the Kotayk province. In spite of its long standing history, the monastery actually started as a small cave chapel as the main cathedral of the Geghard wasn’t actually built until 1215. Geghard is characterized by three high walls and the mountain that stands in as the monastery’s fourth wall. Tours at the monastery are informative and awe inspiring as visitors are able to walk through the halls of the monastery complex, the interconnected church and even explore the numerous caves that surround the area.

Goght, Armenia, Phone: 374-9537-1367

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22.The Cafesjian Center for the Arts

The Cafesjian Center for the Arts
© Courtesy of photoaliona -

It’s practically impossible to pay a visit to the Cafesjian Center for the Arts and not leave absolutely inspired. Located in a stunning building that is a work of art all on its own, the center is home to a spectacular permanent collection and also hosts visiting exhibits that are switched out regularly. There are over 5,000 works of art exhibited at the center, most of which were obtained from the private collection of the museum’s founder, Gerard L. Cafesjian. Some of the notable works displayed at the museum include one of the world’s most complete glass collections as well as works by artists like Jennifer Bartlett, Fernando Botero, Barry Flanagan and Lynn Chadwick.

10 Tamanyan Street, Yerevan 0009, Armenia, Phone: 374-1056-7262

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23.Vorotan Canyon

Vorotan Canyon
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Found in Armenia’s beautiful Syunik Province, the Vorotan Canyon has an incredible depth of 100 meters and a distance of 3 kilometers for its widest point. Truly a magnificent sight to behold, the Vorotan Canyon is a destination that avid travelers and outdoor lovers should try to see at least once in their lifetime as its beautiful scenery will definitely leave a lasting impression. Several tours can take eager adventurers through the green forests of the canyon, which is home to amazing sites like the Shambi Reservoir, Khot, the Karahunj Village and the Devil’s Bridge. Those who plan to take hiking tours in Vorotan Canyon should take into consideration that the ascents are difficult and thus require a relatively advanced level of fitness.

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24.Wings of Tatev

Wings of Tatev
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Get a spectacular bird’s eye view of the Syunik province when you step onto the Wings of Tatev, an aerial tramway that leads to Tatev’s historic and natural treasures. Known for being the shortest, most striking and most impressive route to the Tatev Monastery, Wings of Tatev is a 12-minute ride that soars above the Vorotan River ravine at a celestial 320 meters above ground level. The tramway is also known for being the world’s longest reversible cableway and has even earned a spot in the Guinness Book of Records. Sure, the ride may not be for the faint of heart, but there’s no denying that the view the ride offers is absolutely worth it.

Tatev Gateway, Syunik, Armenia, Phone: 374-6046-3333

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25.Zorats Karer

Zorats Karer
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A curious and peculiar prehistoric site just outside the distant village of Sisian, Zorats Karer is a ring of menhirs mysteriously pierced with holes that is more commonly known as the “Armenian Stonehenge.” The stones have been dating back to the Iron Age or the Middle Bronze Age and are theorized to be an ancient astronomical observatory of some sort. All 223 stones are found in a circle and are bordered by two arms to the circle’s north and south. Try looking through the holes in the stones and enjoy the picturesque vistas that surround the Zorats Karer. One thing is for sure, you won’t run out of fabulous photo opportunities.

Sisian, Armenia

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25 Best Things to Do in Armenia