Summer is probably the one season that most people look forward to. It’s the time of the year when people go on vacation, go to the beach, and enjoy the sun. It’s also when people take a break from their usual grind, with students getting to enjoy a long break from the school year. Because people are taking a break from their daily routines, summer is also the season when people are most active with sports, hobbies, and other recreational activities.

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Some notable events during this season include the Summer Olympic Games, which happens once every four years, while many countries hold festivals and other events to celebrate summer in their own special way.

When Does Summer Begin?

It depends on your definition of the word. In astronomical terms, the start of summer is marked by the summer solstice (think of it as halfway between the spring and autumnal equinoxes). During this time, the Earth’s northern hemisphere is at its maximum insolation, meaning it’s receiving the most exposure from the sun. The date for the summer solstice is often pegged at June 21, as it is in 2018, but it can also occur on June 20 or 22. This is largely due to the discrepancy between our Gregorian calendar system, with 365 days, and the conventional tropical year, with 365.24219 days. This is incidentally also why there is a leap year once every four years.

From a meteorological standpoint, summer occurs in different months of the year, depending on which hemisphere you’re in. Summer happens in June, July, and August in the northern hemisphere, while the season runs from December to the following February in the southern hemisphere due to the tilt of the Earth.

Meanwhile, those countries which follow the Irish calendar set their summers beginning on the first of May, running until June. These also happen to be the months when schools are out for summer vacation.

Summer Weather

Depending on your location, summer is often associated with hot, warm, or dry weather. Because of this, people are advised to sport cooler clothing during the summer, wear sunblock, and stay hydrated. Summer can make dehydration and heat stroke more common, not only because the sun is hotter during this time but also because people tend to be out in the sun for longer. But with proper precautions, you can get to thoroughly enjoy your summer vacation.