The elevation of a town or city tells us how high or low that location is in relation to sea level. Many major cities around the world are constructed in coastal locations at relatively low elevations below 500 feet (152 m). Despite being constructed on the Pacific Coast of Peru, the elevation of Lima can vary enormously in different parts of the city due to its location on valleys and mountain slopes. The elevation of Lima can therefore range from as low as 0 feet (0 m) down by the Pacific Ocean to as high as 5,090 feet (1,550 m) on the slopes further inland.
Peru has a long coastline, but also includes the world-famous Andes Mountain Range and other high altitude areas, resulting in wildly different elevations all around the country. The average elevation of Peru is 5,102 feet (1,555 m), so the elevation of Lima, even including its highest point, is entirely below the national average. The highest point in all of Peru is Huascaran, a mountain in the Cordillera Blanca range, which is part of the Andes. Huascaran has an elevation of 22,205 feet (6,768 m). The lowest point in the nation is an area called the Bayóvar Depression, located in the Sechura Desert with an elevation of 112 feet (34 m) below sea level.
One of the most famous and visited cities in all of Peru is Cusco, which has an elevation of 11,152 feet (3,399 m) and is nearby the famous historical site of Machu Picchu, which has an elevation of 7,927 feet (2,430 m). Other key locations around the nation of Peru include the city of Arequipa, which has an elevation of 7,661 feet (2,335 m), and the city of Trujillo, which is located at an elevation of just 112 feet (34 m). The elevation of Lima is therefore lower than most other major cities of Peru.