The Guilford Courthouse National Military Park honors the site of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in 1781 that led to an American victory in the Revolutionary War. Located on New Garden Road in Greensboro in Guilford County, the Guilford Courthouse marks the place of the largest battle of the Revolutionary War's Southern Campaign and a turning point for British military due to their losses in this war, which led to their surrender in Yorktown and ultimate defeat.
The battlefield is maintained by the National Park Service and preserved as a national military park and features 28 monuments within the park honoring soldiers, statesmen, heroes, and heroines from the war. Visitors to the park can take self-guided or guided tours of the site and visit the educational center for an interpretive experience on the battle and the repercussions of that day.
History of the Battle
The greatest battle of the War's famous Southern Campaign was fought in the small back country hamlet of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina on March 15, 1781. Backed by an army of almost 4,500 soldiers, Major General Nathanael Greene bravely defended the ground at Guilford Courthouse, however was defeated by a smaller army of just 1,900 soldiers led by Lord Charles Cornwallis. While Cornwallis won the battle, his frail victory cost him more than 25% of his army, which later led to his surrender and defeat at Yorktown seven months later.
Plans to commemorate the Guilford Courthouse battleground as a park began in 1886 and were solidified by the US Congress in 1917 when they established Guilford Courthouse as a national park. The Guilford Courthouse National Military Park was created in 1917 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. In 2001, the Park was designated as a National Historic Landmark. Today, the park is linked to the adjoining Greensboro Country Park by a bicycle path that can be used for walking, jogging, and cycling.
Collections and Exhibits
The Guilford Courthouse National Military Park Museum presents a range of exhibits and displays about the American Revolution, the campaign and battles of the time, and the courageous people involved. Special exhibits feature displays of military equipment, weaponry, musical instruments, everyday items and objects used during the war, and information on the people involved from the soldiers to the commanders. The museum also explores the aftermath of the battle, the effect it had on the community and region and the meaning of the War for Independence.
The Guilford Courthouse National Military Park is located on New Garden Road in Greensboro in Guilford County and is open to the public Tuesday through Sunday from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Visitors can explore the park alone or enjoy guided tours of the park and view a variety of informational outdoor exhibits and monuments. The park’s educational center features an array of indoor activities, including a short live-action film (shown on the hour) about the battle, an caricatured battle map program, and a variety of museum exhibits on the Revolutionary War.
2332 New Garden Rd, Greensboro, NC 27410, Phone: 336-288-1776
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