The history of The Alamo dates all the way back to the early 1700s when Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares started the Texas Mission work. The present day location of the mission was built in 1724 with the goal of, not only converting Native American Tribes to Catholicism, but converting them to the Spanish way of life also.
Native American Tribes were taught agriculture, weaving, raising livestock, stone work, blacksmith, and carpentry in hopes of starting a growing population loyal to Spain and without the influence of France. The mission ended in 1793 when disease reduced the native population and the land was handed over to local government.
For the next century, The Alamo in San Antonio was used as a military outpost. It was at The Alamo that the famous battle of 1836 occurred during the Texas revolution. General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna marched through the winter to San Antonio where the rebels fled across the river to the Alamo. Many men, women, and children, were killed in the final battle when the Mexico army, unaware that Texas had declared its independence, rushed the Alamo, killing the 200 defenders as they slept just before dawn. Santa Anna troops claimed, repaired and occupied the Alamo until May 1836 when they were ordered to withdraw and destroy the Alamo. They knocked down several of the walls in an attempt to make repair difficult for the Texans.
In the early 20th century, after a century of various military use, what was left of The Alamo was turned into a memorial for those who died in the legendary battle of 1836. A gift shop and park were built near the grounds as well. In 1960, John Wayne starred in a movie about the epic battle, and The Alamo gained much attention once again leading to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas opening a museum at The Alamo is 1968. This museum still stands and is visited by hundreds of tourists daily. Photo: SeanPavonePhoto/Fotolia
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Things to Do in San Antonio: The Alamo
- Buildings at The Alamo, Photo: Courtesy of emeraldphoto - Fotolia.com
- Tours and Exhibits, Photo: Courtesy of DmitriK - Fotolia.com
- Plan Your Visit, Photo: Courtesy of CE Photography - Fotolia.com
- Cover Photo: Courtesy of SeanPavonePhoto - Fotolia.com