The Hillman Hall of Minerals and Gems displays over 1,300 gems and minerals from across the globe. The hall showcases a large array of minerals and gems, such as calcite and quartz. Lithology, which is the science of rock, as well as mineral locality suites and twinning are also on display to create a more enhanced visual and educational visitor experience. In addition the main Hillman Hall, the exhibition now features the Wertz Hall of Gems and Jewelry.
Wertz Hall is a new exhibit gallery with an emphasis on gems and the crystals they come from, as well as jewelry that is made with the gems. Hillman Hall's Master Gallery contains almost 100 dazzling specimens, demonstrating the exhibition's underlying premise: "Minerals as Art." The Fluorescence and Phosphorescence Room shows how minerals can glow with a variety of colors due to ultraviolet radiation to create a spectacular light show. Visitors can also explore the feel of a huge piece of "float" copper, and discover a "miniature world of minerals" through a microscope.
Cenozoic Hall: The Hall of Fossil Mammals
Cenozoic Hall features mostly fossils of mammals that existed during the past 66 million years during the Cenozoic Era, or also know as the Age of Mammals. The exhibit showcases much of the paleontological collection of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. The Pleistocene exhibit area provides visitors with the sight of fossil skeletons of many significant species from the Ice Age, such as the Columbian mammoth, Dire Wolf, Giant Ground Sloth, and a Saber-toothed cat.
There are also fossil specimens collected at what is now known as the Agate Fossils Beds National Monument, located in western Nebraska. Carnegie scientist discovered a collection of around 200 million year old fossils of mammals from 1900 to 1908. Guests can also explore and study fossils of more bizarre creatures from the past, including the horse-like Moropus and the warthog-like Dinohyus, and discover bones of the rhino-like Menoceras in a "bone bed."
Hall of African Wildlife
Four of Africa's significant life zone are highlighted in the Hall of African Wildlife: desert, savanna, mountain, and rainforest. The exhibit also features the different animals that call these areas home. The hall features various dioramas that give visitors a glimpse into the life of African wildlife. These dioramas include a lowland gorilla among lush tropical foliage and vines and a watering hole surrounded by zebra, giraffe, wildebeest, and African buffalo. The exhibition hall also features a desert biome that showcases the ecosystem's unique animals like the fennec, an elusive small fox that has huge ear and large eyes.
Hall of North American Wildlife
The Hall of North American Wildlife showcases several of the most fascinating animal species on the continent through dioramas of their natural habitats. Five different ecosystems are represented in the exhibition hall: coniferous forest, grassland, desert, deciduous forest, and tundra. In the Yellowstone National Park diorama, Bull Elk battle over a cow herd.
In Canada's Belchers Islands, walruses bask on the rocky shore of the Hudson Bay. Guests can see goats in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, and pronghorns galloping in the air across the prairie as the fastest mammal in North America. The largest cat in both North and South American, the jaguar, hasn't been seen in the United States since the mid-20th century. The jaguar at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History is from 1910, found around Tamaulipas, Mexico. The exhibit also features interactive activities, such as categorizing a creature is an invertebrate or a vertebrate.
Next read: the National Aviary
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