Luxembourg is a microcosm of European culture and institutions with a welcoming multicultural vibe. Visitors will find no less than three prominent UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Luxembourg City – the Fortress of Luxembourg City, the Old Town, and the Bock Casemates, a network of underground galleries. There are stunning natural regions like the Mullerthal region, known for lush forests, sparkling brooks, and rugged rock formations; the Moselle region, defined by its vineyards and famous Wine Route; and the Ardennes Mountains with natural reserves and alpine lakes.
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Luxembourg City is the multicultural capital of Luxembourg, a place steeped in rich history with a contemporary twist. Nestled in the heart of Europe, this picturesque, high-energy city features several artistic treasures, historical heritage sites, and a variety of guided tours and excursions. Some of the prominent fixtures include the regal Grand Ducal Palace, the dramatic and mysterious Bock Casemates, and the futuristic City Skyliner. There are over a dozen tours to choose from in Luxembourg City. The most popular are the majestic City Promenade Tour, the architectural tour of the railway station district, and the City Safari, an excellent choice for families.
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Bascharage is part of the Kaerjeng municipality, along with Clemency, Linger, Hautcharage, and Fingig. This is the place to be for craft beer. It’s home to Brasseirie Nationale, a family-owned and-operated brewery that is the oldest in Luxembourg. Visitors can tour the brewery and beer museum, then taste Bofferding or Battin beers. Tours of the Beierhaascht microbrewery offer a different experience. Here, besides tours and tastings, Beierhaascht has an in-house butchery, restaurant, and eco-hotel. The three fishponds of Clemency are nearby where visitors can catch trout and local fish. Three walking tours of Bascharage and Clemency offer an overview of the natural area. Serious cyclists can catch the Three Cantons Cycling Path here.
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Beaufort is a small village in the Mullerthal-Luxembourg region known as Little Switzerland. It features a variety of activities for visitors to explore, from nature excursions and sporting activities to art, culture, and shopping opportunities. The town’s most prominent attraction is the ruins of the Chateau Beaufort, a striking five story medieval castle that was once the place of a Roman camp. Beaufort also has a large ice skating rink where visitors can skate, play ice hockey, or ice kart around the rink between October and March. From May until August, the outdoor adventure pool is an ideal way to cool off after hiking through the village’s untamed valleys.
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Berdorf sits in the heart of the Mullerthal region and features an astounding rock landscape ideal for outdoor enthusiasts who love hiking. The Sure, the valleys of the Black Ernz, and the Aesbach create the over 300 acres of forest area that surround the village, and the Mullerthal Trail crosses through the tiny town. There are over 30 miles of clearly marked walking, hiking, and cycling trails, many of which lead visitors to viewpoints atop ledges at soaring heights providing remarkably picturesque views. Caves, slit marshes, and grottos can be seen as visitors make their ways to iconic rock formations Perecop, Teufelsinsel, Hohllay, and Tour Malakoff, among others.
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Bettembourg municipality actually includes Abweiler, Fennange, Huncherange, and Noertzang too. Of all the family-fun things to do here, the Parc Merveilleux tops the must-do list. It’s Luxembourg’s only amusement park. Kids will love the fairytale forest, labyrinth, giant playground, and animal reserve. The two nature reserves – Beetebuerger Besch and Um Bierg – are great for nature lovers looking to hike or bike. Circular Walk Abweiler offers guided or audio-guided tours of Bettembourg Forest. Terre Rouge is a self-guided bicycle tour for adults and older children, and it allows you to explore forests, red rock canyons, small towns, Tetelbierg archaeological dig, and Fond De Gras Park railway history.
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The Chateau Bourscheid is an impressive castle of just under 40,000 square feet originally constructed in the year 1000. The first lord of the castle was Bertram of Bourscheid mentioned in the year 1095. This massive palace is located on a secluded promontory and can only be accessed from the northwest, as it rests just under 500 feet above the River Sure. It is completely surrounded by a grand ring wall equipped with 11 watchtowers. Visitors can choose either a 1-hour, 1.5-hour, or 2-hour tour of these remarkable grounds, learning all about its rich history. As an added bonus, visitors are welcome to hike through the extraordinary woodlands of the Oesling.
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Diekirch is a small town bordering the River Sure surrounded by picturesque areas, including Seitert, Haardt, Goldknapp, and Herrenberg. Its pedestrian zone features old streets, small passageways, boutique shops, and quaint cafes with a large terrace square at its center, an ideal place to get immersed in the culture and enjoy public concerts throughout the year. History buffs will delight in their old quarter where many prominent ancient homes and historical monuments reside. Among them is the town’s jewel, the St. Laurentius Church, situated on the remains of a significant Roman villa. Two additional highlights are the National Museum of Military History and the National Museum of Historical Vehicles.
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Differdange is nestled in the valley of the Haute Chiers, a prominent industrial center known as “Steeltown” due to its grey type steel girders. The city provides visitors with various attractions, including historical highlights like the Cistercian Abbey founded in 1235, the Old Town Hall, the New Town Hall constructed in 1964, and Differdange Castle, which houses Miami University. Gerlache Park is the town’s center, a green oasis featuring the floral clock, the 1896 steel factory, and the Marcel Noppeney Cultural Center. A couple additional points of interest are the historical steam train – Train 1900 – and the Prenzebierg-Giele Botter nature reserve, an old open cast iron ore mining area.
Dudelange is Luxembourg’s fourth largest city, previously a prominent mining and steel town, now featuring an influential cultural landscape with a modern infrastructure. It is known for being one of the most diverse cities in the country with several natural, cultural, and historical attractions as well as vibrant events and festivals. Haard, the largest nature reserve, is located here showcasing rare plant and animal species, including orchids, butterflies, birds, bats, reptiles, and amphibians. Visitors can also explore the reconstructed St. Martin’s Church, Mount St. John, and the adventure park Le’h’ Park Dudelange. The RedRock Mountainbike Trails, skate park, Schmelz, and outdoor pool are highlights for young adults.
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Echternach is the oldest town in Luxembourg and one of Europe’s earliest cultural centers. This medieval city is most notably known for its monumental ancient architecture such as the Roman Villa, the Roman Basilica, the Peter and Paul Parish Church, and the Rococo Pavilion. It is also a natural oasis nestled within the beautiful Mullerthal Region, featuring several amazing hiking opportunities that include the Mullerthal Trail and Gorge des Loups (the wolves’ canyon). Additional outdoor activities such as biking along the River Sure, paddling excursions on the lake, and the outdoor park Adventure Island offer plenty of family fun. Various museums, dancing processionals, guided tours, and music festivals add to the city’s attractions.
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Esch-sur-Alzette, the second largest city in Luxembourg, is most well-known for its lively past and architectural charms created by notable architects Joseph Stubben, Violet le Duc, Peter Rice, and Gottfried Bohm. This cosmopolitan city features several cultural attractions such as the metallurgical factories, the National Museum of the Resistance, Belvedere, Berwart Tower, and St. Joseph’s Church. Galenberg, a recreational center, features a magnificent park boasting a rose-garden, waterfall, fountains, sports facilities, animal park, playgrounds, and marked walking paths. Visitors will also find the grotto of O.L. of Lourdes, local theatre performances, art galleries, a music conservatory, and regular festivals in Esch-sur-Alzette.
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Ettelbruck is situated in the heart of the Grand-Duchy, a picturesque town that offers a relaxing atmosphere to its visitors. The major roadways and railways pass through the city, linking them to the northern and southern areas of the country, making it easy to get to and from Ettelbruck. Its most prominent attraction is the Centre des Arte Pluriels Edouard Juncker, also known as CAPE, which provides roughly sixty professional artistic events every year. Visitors will appreciate various guided tours like the Historical Urban Trail of Ettelbruck, which takes visitors through the pedestrian zone and showcases its architecture, history, plant life, and other popular points of interest.
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The municipality of Frisange, which includes Hellange and Aspelt, is 35,000 years old. That means that nearly 1500 generations have called this municipality home. Extensive new excavations revealed objects from Neanderthals, the Stone Age, Celts, and the Gallo-Roman period to the Middle Ages, which can be seen at the House of History – Aloyse Linster. Another historical jewel is Chateau d’Aspelt where Archbishop Peter von Aspelt, a key political figure of the Middle Ages, was born. Three Cantons Cycling Path takes riders to the scenic Moselle region. Léa Linster is the place to be for dinner; Chef Léa is the only woman ever to win the Bocuse d’Or, the highest award for chefs.
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Grevenmacher is a small medieval town in Luxembourg near Germany’s border; it’s situated on the Moselle River’s left bank in the vineyards region. The tiny town provides visitors with an old world charm in its pedestrian zone where small streets lead the way to the various medieval fortifications such as a belfry from the 13th century. One of the city’s most prominent fixtures is the Caves Bernard Massard, the primary producer of Luxembourg sparkling wines created using the traditional method. Visitors will also find an exotic butterfly garden, tourism promenade with a large children’s playground, and Kelsbaach nature reserve.
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The Kayl municipality also includes Tétange. The municipality is a former cast mining area in the spectacular Land of the Red Rocks. Visitors can explore the area surrounding Kayle on two guided hiking tours. The 25 Station to Station Tour takes hikers through open-cast mining sites and nature preserves that will impress, but it’s the steepest and most strenuous of the two hikes. The easier hike is the Kayl Circular Walk, which starts at National Miners’ Monument. Visitors will also want to stop by Centre Culturel Schungfabrik, the municipality’s cultural center. Those visiting during the five weeks of Carnaval will love the masked balls and children’s carnival parade.
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The ruins of Larochette Castle are situated atop a sandstone promontory almost 500 feet above the White Ernz, a river that flows into the River Sure. Visitors can gain access into the castle through a large outer wall protected by a mound. The main castle was built in dressed stone and encircled by a defensive wall that has been mostly destroyed. The deep ditch that now remains splits the castle in two. At its tip are the remains of several stately mansions that provide glimpses into the architectural quality of the castle. Visitors can take guided tours of the castle to learn of its rich history.
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Leudelange is in the city of Luxembourg’s green belt amidst nature reserves and forests. From the town’s center, visitors can hike and bike along paths that crisscross the hilly countryside. Circular Walk is an easy 5.3-km hike that passes through the village past the church toward Leideléngerbesch, and goes through forests and fields. Cyclists can bike the easy eight-mile Francois Faber cycle path or the more difficult Faubourg Minier cycle path. For those looking for a long but easy ride, try the 36 Station to Station bike path from Leudelange to Mamer Lycée. Leudelange is also home to cross country racing and other cycling events.
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One of the oldest municipalities in Luxembourg, Mondercang, also includes Pontpierre, Foetz, and Bergem. Unlike other towns in southern Luxembourg, Mondercange is an agricultural town. Today, it features family-fun recreational activities, one of the more thrilling of which is karting. The 900-meter Mondercange track offers rentals for up to 60 minutes; even German pro racer Michael Schumacher and Italian pro racer Jarno Trulli have driven here. Cyclists trying to perfect their jumps and tricks will be amazed by the Pumptrack. X-Treme Bowling & Billiards fun center has 20 lanes with neon night bowling, 12 pool tables, and an arcade. Indyland provides a paradise of play for kids up to 14 years old.
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Mondorf-les-Bains is a tiny town surrounded by hills in the southeastern part of Luxembourg. It offers visitors a wide variety of activities, attractions, and events year-round, but the biggest draw is their Domaine Thermal spa. This magnificent Thermal is situated on just under 125 acres of land featuring woodlands, plants, grassy lawns, flower borders, and several sculptures created by iconic artists. Guests are welcomed to the spa to enjoy their warm swimming pool, Jacuzzi, sauna, hammocks, signature cocktails, and delicious barbeque while reveling in the beauty of these impressive grounds. Mondorf-les-Bains also boasts a casino, museum, theatre and concert hall, and cinema.
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Remich, known as “the Pearl of the Moselle,” is a small tourist town along the European Road; it sits on the border triangle between France, Germany, and Luxembourg. Its unique location offers picturesque panoramic views of beautiful vineyards and lush greenery. The city offers visitors several wondrous attractions including a two-mile walkway along the Moselle River lined with magnificent cherry and birch trees. Remich has several natural attractions, including several parks, vineyards, and a forest, making it ideal for outdoorsy travelers. Swimming, hiking, biking, and boat cruises are popular here. The city also boasts old alleyways, exquisite sculptures, fountains, and ancient architecture, like the Remich’s Parish Church.
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Schengen is the “birthplace of a Europe without borders,” thanks the Schengen Agreement, which is thought to be a milestone in the goal to unite Europe. It was chosen due to its location in the Three-Border-Region, where Germany and France meet the three Benelux countries. The agreement includes 26 member states and allows 40 million Europeans to travel without barriers. It is because of this that Schengen is so special; visitors to this area will get to experience the European spirit first-hand. Guests will appreciate activities from tasting award-winning wines made from grapes of three different countries to hiking the Traumschleife Schengen Grenzenlos, one of the finest walking trails in the region.
22.Upper Sure National Park
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Upper Sure National Park is located in northwestern Luxembourg. The dam and resulting reservoir, Obersee Lake, are the highlights of the park. Besides the river and lake, other natural elements include wet meadows, wooded slopes, deep valleys, and an agricultural plateau. Called the “water region of Luxembourg,” it provides water to 70% of the country and is a picture of sustainability; it has even won an EDEN award. Visitors can enjoy 42 km of shoreline, sculptures, nature trails, the museum of cloth, a nature center, and a number of thematic, nature, ghostly, and sculpture walking tours. Travelers can also swim, boat, kayak, and camp in the park.
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Vianden, once a refuge for exiled French poet Victor Hugo, is a medieval town tucked along the Our River in the Ardennes Mountains. The charming town is best known for the restored hilltop Vianden Castle and the resting place of Edmund de la Fontaine, Luxembourg’s national poet. Vianden is characterized by narrow lanes, gothic churches, and remnants of ramparts and towers from the once fortified city. On a visit to Vianden Castle, visitors can expect to see the Little Palace, the Great Palace, the Chapel, and exhibitions of ancient weaponry and armored suits, period furniture, portraits, genealogical tables, and archaeological drawings. A chairlift rising from 230 meters to 440 meters provides panoramic views of Our Valley.
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Wasserbillig is a small modern town in the municipality of Mertert in Luxembourg. It’s a border town separated from Oberbillig, Germany by the Moselle River. There are an inordinate number of gas stations along the main road through town because of its proximity to Germany. Many Germans cross the border here for gasoline, cigarettes, coffee, and chocolate that they can purchase at lower prices. Wasserbillig’s highlight is the Wasserbillig Aquarium overlooking the Sauer River. The aquarium has 15 tanks that range from about 80 gallons to over 10,000 gallons and showcase fish from all over the world. Other attractions include walking and biking paths along Moselle River and countryside vineyards.
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Wiltz is nestled along the banks of the Wiltz River in the heart of the Ardennes Mountains. The upper-town is where visitors will find the 16th-century Wiltz Castle. It hosts both the National Museum of Brewing that traces 6,000 years of beer production and the Tanning Museum with exhibitions of items from the town’s former 28 tanneries. The castle also hosts a three-week international music festival each summer. Jardin de Wiltz is 2.5 hectares of plants, trees, sculptures, water fountains, and tranquility. Besides the brewing museum, visitors will enjoy touring Wiltz Brewery. There is a network of walking and biking paths in and around the town for outdoor enthusiasts.
25 Best Places to Visit in Luxembourg
- Luxembourg City, Photo: Courtesy of Valerie Potapova - Fotolia.com
- Bascharage, Photo: Courtesy of Dusty's Box - Fotolia.comourtesy of demerzel21 - Fotolia.com
- Beaufort, Photo: Courtesy of Sergey Novikov - Fotolia.com
- Berdorf, Photo: Courtesy of Daniel Keuck - Fotolia.com
- Bettembourg, Photo: Courtesy of Raymond Thill - Fotolia.com
- Chateau Bourscheid, Photo: Courtesy of Michael - Fotolia.com
- Diekirch, Photo: Courtesy of pigprox - Fotolia.com
- Differdange, Photo: Courtesy of Raymond Thill - Fotolia.com
- Dudelange, Photo: Dudelange
- Echternach, Photo: Courtesy of Christoph Hähnel - Fotolia.com
- Esch-sur-Alzette, Photo: Courtesy of sabino.parente - Fotolia.com
- Ettelbruck, Photo: Courtesy of russieseo - Fotolia.com
- Frisange, Photo: Courtesy of lucio pepi - Fotolia.com
- Grevenmacher, Photo: Courtesy of dudlajzov - Fotolia.com
- Kayl, Photo: Courtesy of F. Peter - Fotolia.com
- Larochette Castle, Photo: Courtesy of dudlajzov - Fotolia.comom
- Leudelange, Photo: Courtesy of JeanPhilippe - Fotolia.com
- Mondercange, Photo: Courtesy of bobex73 - Fotolia.com
- Mondorf-les-Bains, Photo: Courtesy of Valery Shanin - Fotolia.com
- Remich, Photo: Courtesy of Raymond Thill - Fotolia.com
- Schengen, Photo: Courtesy of Alizada Studios - Fotolia.com
- Upper Sure National Park, Photo: Courtesy of fuchsphotography - Fotolia.com
- Vianden, Photo: Courtesy of twanwiermans - Fotolia.com
- Wasserbillig, Photo: Courtesy of Fotolyse - Fotolia.com
- Wiltz, Photo: Courtesy of dudlajzov - Fotolia.com
- Cover Photo: Courtesy of andrii_lutsyk - Fotolia.com