The Montreal Botanical Gardens, Fleuron Montreal, is recognized globally as one of the most important horticulture exhibits in the world, offering special events, exhibitions, and even animations, all year round. There are over 20 gardens, each with their own unique theme that are showcased over 185 acres.
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In the 1920’s, young botany teacher, Brother Marie-Victorin, developed an idea for a large-scale botanical garden in Montreal. The Great Depression and World War II slowed efforts, however in 1931 with the help of Henry Teuscher, a leader in horticulture, the garden was founded. The administrative buildings and reception gardens were constructed in the 1930’s with the exhibition greenhouses being inaugurated in 1956. The gardens established research programs in the 1970’s and soon began to see the popularity of the gardens growing. In the 1980’s International Floralies brought attention to the Botanical Gardens and that same decade the greenhouses were renovated, and new installments and exhibits were created.
In more recent years, visitors have seen larger projects come to fruition including an arboretum, reception complex and several expansive gardens. The Insectarium was also established in 1990 which is included in visitor’s admission. The gardens are open Monday through Sunday with hours changing seasonally.
There are 32 gardens and greenhouses that are situated across 185 acres of land. Each garden has a theme that is unique to that garden.
· Begoniacees and Gesneriaceae- Begonias and the African Violet
· Tropical Rainforest- tropical flora such as bromeliads, orchids, ferns
· Large Exhibition Greenhouse- Mezzanine and waterfall accentuated exhibition space
· Hacienda- Cactaceae and succulents
· Heavenly Garden- Miniature trees called penjings that are used in Chinese Living Sculpture
· Molson Greenhouse- exhibition space that educated on basic concepts of plant biology including large plants, palms, bamboo and insectivorous plants.
· Ferns- ferns that reproduce through spores, no flowering plants
· Orchids and Orchard- Rare orchids and aracees
· Tropical Food Plants- Tropical plants that are specifically grown as food
· Arid Region- American and African species that thrive in arid environments
· Arboretum- The largest garden occupying half the acreage and featuring 7,000 species of trees and shrubs that comprise 50 different collections. Includes both native and imported specimens.
· Coin of Quebec- Maple Grove Forest and wetlands.
· Court of the Senses- Touch, taste and smell the plants and animals that are part of the four-section garden.
· Alpine Garden- flora from mountainous and boreal regions from around the world include alpine, subalpine and artic species.
· Swimming Pool- Aquatic Plants such as lotus, hyacinth and water lilies. Native and exotic species.
· Garden of China- Chinese Art landscaping with pavilions and architecture based on the 4 elements of plants, water, stones, and structure.
· Garden of Peace- Decorated with Iznik ceramics and floral motifs that features tulips indigenous to Turkey.
· Monastery Garden- Flower beds of medicinal and fragrant flowers, a vegetable garden, and orchard.
· Shrubs- Shrub plants, large ponds, rock gardens, and hedges.
· Garden of the Novelties- A mix of annuals and perennials, trees and ornamental shrubs with hundreds of hybrid plants.
· Economic Plants- Plants such as lavender, aloe, and clover, rice, corn and wheat that are used in everyday life.
· First Nations garden- Highlights the botanical knowledge of First Nations People.
· Perennials- More than 1,700 species of perennials—plants that come back year and year.
· Garden of Undergrowth- Plants that thrive in shade or under foliage. Includes more than 2,500 species with spectacular spring blooms.
· Japanese Garden- Landscapes based on Japanese Gardening principles featuring waterfalls, ponds, and A koi pond. There is also an exhibition pavilion.
· Leslie-Hancock Garden- 100 species of Ericaceae and several hundred species of rhododendrons and azaleas. This garden’s peak season is June.
· Reception- Symetrical gardens that decorate the entrance of the Botanical Gardens with waterfalls and fountains.
· Gardens-Young- Open during the summer to students age 7-15 for educational programming.
· House of the Tree- Indoor space where visitors can learn about the importance of trees in both rural and urban environments.
· Medicinal Plants- Hundreds of plants and flowers that can be used for medicinal and homeopathic purposes.
· Toxic Plants- Potentially harmful plants
· Rosary- 10,000 rose bushes grow over more than 12 acres of the gardens from 900 different species.
· Streamflower and Lilac- Spring and Summer blooming flora featuring 600 species of irises, and more than 400 varieties of lilacs and many ornamentals.
The Montreal Botanical Gardens offers the Gardens-Young that gives students age 7/8-15 a chance to sow their own garden and learn more about agriculture and horticulture. The program begins in April and concludes in the middle of September with “The Vegetable Race” where the final harvest commences.
Field trips and educational kits are offered to educators. Field trips to the Botanical Gardens are self-guided with materials available to teachers to lead their classes. Package are also available to combine the botanical gardens with the Insectarium and Planetarium for a 2-5-hour experience.
The Montreal School of Horticulture uses the garden to conduct research and hold class trips. Programs offered include: Diploma of Professional Studies, ASP Horticulture Specialist, Realization in Landscaping, and Fleuristerie.
101 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H1X 2B2,Phone: 514-868-3000