With the San Diego Bay on East and the Pacific Ocean on the West, visitors can see the scrubland habitat within Point Loma. Four different plant communities filled with a wide variety of plant species can be found on Point Loma: southern coastal bluff scrub, maritime succulent scrub, Diegan coastal sage scrub, and southern maritime chaparral. Visitors can receive a plant guide from the Cabrillo and explore both the native and invasive species that call Point Loma home.
Throughout the park, a wide variety of wild animals can be found, including all types of birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and miscellaneous marine life. There are more than 346 species of birds documented at Point Loma and the Cabrillo Monument. It is considered a non-stop Pacific Flyway because of the sheer amount of birds that pass through during their migration. However, some species of birds call the Cabrillo a year-round home. In fact, some of the most significant breeding of the great blue heron and the red tail hawk can be found here.
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The geology of the San Diego bay area is also very fascinating. Fossils dating at over 4 million years old have been found under the nearby Natural History Museum.
Some interesting environmental factors make the surrounding environment of Cabrillo National Monument even more unique. Because the Cabrillo experiences a Mediterranean climate zone, it has warm, dry summers, and cool, mild winters – making it ideal to visit the Cabrillo year-round. Certain plant species are allowed to thrive in this rare climate that may not usually thrive side-by-side. For example, the cactus and the evergreen tree are able to grow next to each other because the weather is typically so mild.
Whether visitors want to learn more about nature or history, or simply enjoy a relaxing day in the picturesque outdoors, the Cabrillo National Monument and its nearby treasures provide something for everyone to enjoy.
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