The history of Caernarfon Castle dates back to ancient Roman times. Romans built a fortification along the River Seiont, and named it Segontium, which is where the name Caernarfon derives from. Aside from the construction of Segontium, little is known about the structure.
Fast forward to 1088 when the Norman Robert of Rhuddlan was killed by the Welsh. Robert’s cousin, Hugh d’Avranches, Earl of Chester, reestablished Norman control by designing three castles. One of these castles happened to be Caernarfon Castle. But, in 1115 the Welsh recaptured Gwynedd and the Caernarfon Castle was handed to Welsh princes.
In 1283 Edward I fought during the war between England and Wales and captured many castles, such as Dolwyddelan, and began building his own. Among the castles under Edward’s reign, Caernarfon was one of the most magnificent. Caernarfon was regarded as one of the most impressive castles of the time and helped Edward, and others, establish English power.
Thoughout the next two years, Caernarfon underwent various renovations and expansions. Finally, in 1285 the town walls were almost complete. From then to around two centuries after, Caernarfon was regarded as the capital of North Wales. From then until 1646 Caernarfon Castle served as a highlighted spot for battles, as it resembled the center for ruling power. But, in 1646 John Byron surrendered to the Parliament, and Caernarfon Castle would never serve as a battle ground again.
Throughout the 1800s, Caernarfon Castle was rarely touched. From the 1800s to late 1900s the castle underwent various transformations, which include new renovations that preserve the historical nature of the castle. In 1986 Caernarfon Castle was officially regarded as a historic landmark and served as the building for the Royal Welch Fusiliers Museum. Photo: peresanz/Fotolia
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